Related Plants. Stamens are 2, nearly hidden, at base of each petal. roots. Rhizophora gymnorhiza auct. The seeds, when still on tree, have a hypocotyl up to 11cm long.[2]. It grows from the Western Pacific across Indian Ocean coasts to Cape Province, South Africa. var. Yap yangach; The species grows on a wide range of soils, but does best in river estuaries, Salt water habitats on an alluvial sediment allows the tree to spread with its adventitious roots. It has become extinct in Taiwan, and is naturalized in Florida, The tree grows on intertidal mud-flats and estuaries, 0-2m (the elevation range between mean sea level and highest tide), on the less exposed parts of the coast, with a rainfall of 1000-8000mm. Japanese: オヒルギ;[6] 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>> Bruguiera gymnorrhiza Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Scientific Name and Common Name. 1797-8. Common Name Jat Baen Botanical Name Avicennia officinalis . Thai: พังกาหัวสุมดอกแดง;[6] The green elliptic leaves are 5-15cm long. Species recognized by South Africa Species List. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza: large-leafed mangrove. hairless. [3][2] Regions that it is native to include: Caroline Island, Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Nauru, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Queensland, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, Nansei-shoto, Borneo, Jawa, Hainan, Christmas Island, Southeast China, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatera, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands, India (including Andhra Pradesh), Sri Lanka, Maldives, Mauritius, Madagascar, Aldabra, Seychelles, Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya, Mozambique Channel Islands, Tanzania, Mozambique, KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Provinces. Zulu: isihlobane;[5] Family: Rhizophoraceae. It is mostly mixed in the Rhizophora mucronata zone, but is usually absent from the area nearest to the seaward edge. Bruguiera g ymnorrhiza (L.) L amk. Chuuk ong; Telugu (Andhra Pradesh) thuddu ponna, uredi;[3] Rhizophora conjugata L. Rhizophora gymnorhiza L. Common Name: Black Mangrove. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza from Tabilban-dhagun boardwalk Nudgee Creek Nudgee Beach Bramble Bay Queensland P1280496.jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 13.63 MB Bruguiera gymnorrhiza habit1.jpg 2,592 × 3,888; 6.08 MB Bruguiera gymnorrhiza habit2.jpg 3,888 × 2,592; 6.04 MB Leaf stalks are 2–4.5 cm long. [11], "Consumption of guava (Psidium guajava L) and noni (Morinda citrifolia L) may protect betel quid-chewing Papua New Guineans against diabetes", "Non-woody plant species of the Papua island forests, a sustainable source of food for the local commuties", "Ethnobotanical field notes from the Northern Territory, Australia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bruguiera_gymnorhiza&oldid=987101928, Flora of the Solomon Islands (archipelago), Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Afrikaans-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 22:48. Its uses in agroforestry include a woodlot, mulch/organic matter production, soil stabilization, coastal protection, windbreak, wildlife/marine food and habitat and bee forage. [3][2] Common associates on Pacific Island include other mangrove speices. Inner bark is reddish. There are no related plants for species Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. It is found on the seaward side of mangrove swamps, often in the company of Rhizophora. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Botanical name: Bruguiera gymnorhiza Family: Rhizophoraceae (Burma Mangrove family) Synonyms: Bruguiera capensis, Bruguiera conjugata, Bruguiera wightii Burma Mangrove is an evergreen tree, 8–25 m tall, with a straight trunk 40–90 cm in diameter, buttressed at base, and with many upright air-filled roots rising to 45 cm from long horizontal roots. Classification. Unresolved name: ... Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. 0% remaining 400,000 Trees planted; 400,000 Trees to be planted; Target Completed Planters Audit for Sundarbans National Park INDEPENDENT AUDIT. The fruit are turbinate (spinning-top shaped), 2cm long, when mature, the spindle-shaped fruits drop and become embedded in the mud in an upright position, where they rapidly develop roots. [3] The tree develops short prop-roots rather than long stilt-roots. Flowers arise solitary in leaf English large-leafed mangrove, oriental mangrove;[3] p.p. As the soil level rises and inundation is less common, other species of Bruguiera are able to establish themselves. The fruit (propagule/hypocotyl) is reported as being eaten after scraping/grating, washing, drying and cooking to remove tannins, and sometimes mixed with coconut in Melanesia and Nauru. [7], The Batjamal and Emi speaker of the Wadjiginy language, who live near Anson Bay in the Northern Territory, Australia, use the durable and hard wood to make spear tips (batjagada [Batjama], ijinde [Emi], with a Bambusa arnhemica shaft.[10]. [7]; What's New? with many upright air-filled roots rising to 45 cm from long horizontal These Bruguiera species, probably B. gymnorrhiza , B. hainesii and B. eriopetala , become prominent as areas become drier forming the transition to the inland forms of tidal forests, representing the final stage in the succession. [3], In the Maldives the propagules or green pods are eaten as a cooked vegetable. axils, 3–4 cm long, usually drooping on a stalk of 1–2.5 cm, red to is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Bruguiera (family Rhizophoraceae ). The reddish fine-textured wood used for local building in Cambodia, such constructions as huts, wharfs, fences, and fishery structures. Kosrae), and for charcoal production in Indonesia, and Cambodia. Valid name: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza: Valid Aphia ID: 235082: Common names: オヒルギ/アカバナヒルギ Environments: marine Report issue × Your e-mail address. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Bruguiera (family Rhizophoraceae). Marshall Islands jon;[3] The bark is pale grey to pale brown. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Encycl. Subkingdom. A decoction of the bark is taken in to combat diarrhoea. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (BG), a medicinal mangrove, and its fruit (a food material) (BGF), have traditionally been used to treat diarrhea (also known as ulcerative colitis) in folk medicine. Emi kunyme; Kosrae sraol; (Rhizophoraceae) gymnorrhiza Lam. durable in direct contact with the ground). Bruguiera parviflora grows up to 30 metres (100 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of up to 45 centimetres (18 in). non Blume Rhizophora conjugata L. Rhizophora gymnorhiza L. Common names: Frequency: Locally common: Status: Native: Description: Shrub or tree with a light brown, reddish-brown or grey fibrous bark; branches with subcircular scars of fallen leaves and stipules. Diagnostic characters Botany & morphology Regeneration Reproductive biology Ecology Distribution Uses. Botanical Name : Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam. The astringent (and mildly toxic) bark has also been used to treat malaria in Cambodia. Xhosa: isikhangati; For example, on northwestern Cape York Peninsula, in the Weipa region, Thaynakwithi people (also referred to as Thyanhngayth dialect, Awngthim language people) call the species nhomb and explain that the propagules could be baked, then mashed or pounded and the flesh placed into a sieve-like woven bag before being soaked in water[8], Amongst the people of Wanigela, Northern (Oro) Province, in southeastern Papua New Guinea, the cooked hypocotyls are eaten, providing one of their staples, and used in the ethnomedicine as antimicrobial and insecticidal. Oppositely arranged elliptical leaves, 9–20 cm Wanigela, Northern (Oro) Province, Papua New Guinea kavela, mangrove bean. Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. Flowers have 10–14 very narrow, leathery sepals. Chinese: 木榄; The fruits has antiviral properties, and bark extracts of the closely related Bruguiera sexangula are reportedly active against at least two types of cancerous tumors (Sarcoma 180 and Lewis lung carcinoma). Page. The black mangrove is a protected tree in South Africa. BRGY. Burmese mangrove. Sapek people, Supiori, Papua Province, Indonesia arouw[9] Nursery Availability In the Marshall Islands, it has been used for keel-pieces (maal), outrigger (kie'), and outrigger struts (kein-eon erre). 4: 696. ); swartwortelboom (Afr. mud in an upright position, where they rapidly develop roots. Mangrove is found in India and parts of SE Asia. Family: Rhizophoraceae. Photographed in Sunderban, West Bengal & Andaman & Nicobar. Evergreen trees, to 6 m high; bole occasionally buttressed sometimes with stilt roots, underground roots produce numerous knee roots; bark grey to pale brown, with few large corky lenticels; branchlets terete, glabrous, reddish-green, with conspicuous narrow thin, brown stipular scar enclosing the node. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. This species prefers firm, well drained, muddy soils that experience only a few high tides each month. Scientific Name and Common Name. Burma Mangrove is an evergreen tree, 8–25 m tall, in Lam., Encycl. The propagules of this species are more appreciated than those of Bruguiera cylindrica. General information about Bruguiera gymnorhiza (BUGGY) India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China, Indochina, Malesia, eastern Africa from Somalia to South Africa, Madagascar. long, 5–7 cm wide, are narrow at both ends, thick, leathery, and There are no common names associated with this taxon. In the Andaman Islands the trunks have been used for telephone and transmission poles, it seems rot-resistant (i.e. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza information from ITIS The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world. Bruguiera gymnorhiza is a mangrove tree that grows usually to 7-20m high, but sometimes up to 35m, that belongs to the family Rhizophoraceae. Khmer prâsak' nhi, prâsak' toch, prâsak' tük;[4] The wood has a high calorific values, and is used as fuel on some Pacific Islands (e.g. It is often the most landward of mangroves and is common in areas subject to freshwater influence, such as brackish reaches of tidal streams. yellowish or cream-colored, with red to pink-red bell-shaped sepal cup. For the Sowek people, living on Supiori Island, Papua Province, Indonesia, the fruit is a staple, or primary food, of their diet, due to its high carbohydrate content.[9]. Yue Chinese 木欖; Common associates on Pacific Island include other mangrove speices. Maldives bodu kaṇḍū, boda vaki. The fruits measure up to 4 cm (2 in) long. Preferred Names. What is EOL? The structure of the new isolate was elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. The wood is sometimes used as charcoal or firewood.. Distribution and habitat. in 3–4 bristles. Roots : Negatively geotropic roots called pneumatophores present. 1.3–1.5 cm long, white, turning brown, each with 2 narrow lobes ending Orange mangrove reaches up to 20 m. Falsely Bruguiera gymnorhiza is also called Caribbean Mangrove, presumably for marketing reasons to have a well … The bark is used to dye fishing nets, and to tan animal skins. with a straight trunk 40–90 cm in diameter, buttressed at base, and Curated hierarchies for Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Russian: Бругиера голокорневая. 4 Common names; 5 Properties. var. Kiswahili (Kenya, Tanzania, including Zanzibar, Mozambique) muia, mkoko wimbi; The recent announcement of the discovery of a critically endangered mangrove species in the northern islands of Maldives is a welcome development at a time when unexplained mass die-off of mangroves is occurring across the country, especially in the north. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savigny, orth. ); isiKhangazi, isi Hlobane (isiZulu); isiKhangathi (isiXhosa); m'tumansi, setaca (Mozambique, language unspecified); muia (kiSwahili) SA Tree No: 527 Bengali: কাঁকড়া গাছ; Bruguiera cylindrica sensu Oliv. The green propagules/hypocotyl are also eaten by many Indigenous groups in northern Australia. Unresolved name. Paddles are also made from the wood on some islands. Unresolved name: Plant » Red ... names; Scientific Names. non L. Classification. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Distribution The mangrove tree Bruguiera gymnorrhiza shows a very wide distribution, occuring around the Indian Ocean and the West Pacific. The bark is used as an abortifacient and for treating burns in the Solomon Islands. Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam. [11]; Indonesian: putut;[6] Growing as the dominant tree on the edge of a mangrove swamp in Cooper Creek, Cape Tribulation, North Queensland, AUSTRALIA Scanned Slide from Nov 2000 [3] The wood is widely used, including for firewood, building construction (including structural components such as poles, beams and rafters), canoe parts, fishingstakes, spears, copra-huskers, chips for pulp production, tool handles and digging sticks. Synonyms : Rhizophora gymnorrhiza L. Common Name : Kakra, Burma Mangrove, Black Mangrove; Plant Family : Rhizophoraceae; Plant Form : Tree; Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park About Bruguiera gymnorrhiza Plant : Habit : A Big Tree. Plantae – Plants. Petals are 10–14, There are no common names associated with this taxon. Common Names. 1797, "gymnorhiza"; Hook. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza auct. Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. Description. The bole can be up to 20 - 30cm in diameter with small buttresses up to 1 metre high and lots of pneumatophores (breathing roots)[ 451 Rank. ID 11634 Symbol Key BRUGU Common Name bruguiera Family Rhizophoraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution HI Growth Habit N/A D Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam. The black mangrove is a protected tree in South Africa. [5], As well as its botanical name, the tree is known by many common, or vernacular names. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savi. [4] Common Names. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. northern Australia orange mangrove; RHGY. Afrikaans: swart-wortelboom; Description. Flowers are solitary, with white or cream petals, that soon turn brown up to 1.5cm long, pinkish-green to reddish brown calyx. Diagnostic characters : What's New? The species grows on a wide range of soils, but does best in river estuaries, Salt water habitats on an alluvial sediment allows the tree to spread with its adventitious roots. [4] Charcoal from the wood is excellent. Common Name(s): oriental mangrove : Burmese mangrove [English] Accepted Name(s): Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Savigny : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - orthographic variant (misspelling) Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Is found in India and parts of Southeast Asia paddles are also made from the is... 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Of a species in the PLANTS Classification Report be planted ; 400,000 Trees planted ; Trees! Requires repeated dying ) rather than long stilt-roots mud in an upright position, where rapidly. ( i.e to establish themselves nomenclature and Classification > taxon Record name > scientific name below to expand in... For treating burns in the company of Rhizophora for species Bruguiera gymnorrhiza shows a very wide,. [ 5 ], in the PLANTS Classification Report and the West Pacific, smooth to fissured! Maldives the propagules or green pods are eaten as a cooked vegetable remaining 400,000 Trees ;. The most common one is porbably Large-Leafed Orange mangrove followed by Oriental mangrove gymnorrhiza L.. Of SE Asia ( and mildly toxic ) bark has also been used to dye fishing nets, is...
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