The task of providing quality and affordable healthcare for the people is one which is of utmost importance to any responsible state government. Provision of security to its citizens’ lives and properties. Basically, the legislature is given the function of making laws in the country. In Nigeria, there are three arms of government, namely, the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. Your email address will not be published. It administered justice. If a government fails to do its functions in a state, the citizens can request for the replacement of such government in as much Democracy is in practice. Conclusion On Functions Of The Federal Government Of Nigeria. The state government also functions as the federal government in many respects like it is also subdivided into three branches – Executive branch, Legislative branch and the Judicial branch. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. The team comprises professionals and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour. Environmental factors play an important role in health and disease. State governments determine and dictate the spending limits of the local governments that fall within its territory. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Here we publish several helpful articles in various categories, such as how-to articles, where to find things, resources, business, interviews and reviews. Simultaneously, expenditure responsibilities and government functions also became centralized, with the federal government assuming the role of the engine of social and economic development. Even though he is an accounting officer, he only has to authorize payments, he does not have to sign vouchers and cheques.. His responsibilities: 1. There is universality of government’s reach. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, the Federal, the State and the Local government and each tier also has 3 arms which are the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary… With its military might, the Nigerian government will make sure that, the country is defended. A state can be defined as a people permanently occupying a fixed territory bound together by common habits and custom into one political body. Relationship between Federal, State, and Local Governments in Nigeria. Some state governors have been known to donate equipment such as vehicles, surveillance gadgets, as well as arms and ammunitions to assist the police and other law enforcement agencies in carrying out their task of securing lives and properties. How does Piggyvest Work? The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. Maintenance of law and order. In all honesty, a critical look at the roles to be played by state governments shows that successive governments have largely failed in performing the duties for which they have been instituted. The local government areas in Nigeria are subdivisions of the states created to bring the government benefits closer to the people, also to ensure for the effective administration of resources. Executive arm of government. 9. The author may or may not have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced. Another very important role that is played by state governments is the creation of good and friendly business environment that will encourage small, medium and large scale business to flourish. Local Governments Perform Three Categories of Functions. Another function of the Central Bank is to ensure that there’s a normal value … Functions: 1. There is legitimacy in Nigerian government. Businesses are being stifled by difficult operating environment and aggressive tax schemes, government health and educational institutions are mostly in deplorable states. The powers of the Executive are to execute these laws. This is also necessary and important with a view to checkmate some unwarranted activities in Nigeria. The search for this knowledge grows in importance as rapid increase in human populations and economic development intensify the stresses human beings place on the biosphere and The laws have helped in maintaining peace and order in the country. It is the responsibility of the state governments to look inwards for ways to generate revenue. 9 Functions of Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC), 10 Functions of the National Inland Waterways Authority NIWA, 9 Functions of the Nigerian Bar Association, Top 8 Credit Cards That Will Help You To Maintain A Good CIBIL Score. Law-making: The civil service makes byelaws, regulations and orders under powers granted it by the Parliament. Kebbi and Osun states were created from Sokoto and Oyo respectively. This is a key function of the Nigerian government. In a democracy, government do changed through periodic elections, an this is applicable in Nigeria because, it is a democracy. Instead it was renamed Bendel State. Treaty-Making Functions: It is the responsibility of the executive to decide as to which treaties are to … Regulates Naira’s value. This has not always been the case though. In Nigeria, the duties and functions of the different arms or tiers of government are provided for in the Constitution. Appointment-Making Functions: All major appointments are made by the chief executive. This is very fundamental, and it is a key function of the Nigerian government. google_ad_height = 600; Government is an organized body set up for the purpose of administering a state or an area, such as a local government area. Differences Between the Three Tiers of Government. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; The administration created Ebonyi, Bayelsa, Nasarawa, Zamfara, Gombe and Ekiti states. The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. He monitors compliance with the rules described in the financial regulations governing cash receipts. In Nigeria, states enjoy a level of sovereignty, but this sovereignty is within the constraints of the Federal Government as provided for by the constitution. The Supreme Court of Nigeria is managed by Chief Justice. In 1967, the Mid Western Region was carved out of the old Western Region to split Nigeria into four regions. The state government is not exempted from this very important role to the people. The Local Government authorities in states also perform some functions related to tax administration. Government in Nigeria normally undergo changes after some specific period of time. Your email address will not be published. Their functions include Security of Lives […] The Chairman performs the duties of an accountant and CEO of local government administrations in Nigeria. The local government has the sole right to collect rates of all kinds within the … Nonetheless, the state has the final decision over local functions. Local governments in Nigeria are ineffective and inefficient because the central and state governments intrude on most of its functions. This is quite necessary, since no development that take place, where there is crisis. The responsibilities of assigning public responsibilities to commissioners and the Advisers which help in serving states rested on the governor. After the Federal government, the next level in the political hierarchy of Nigeria is acquired by the state government. Nigerian government defended the country from foreign intruders. The state government also functions as the federal government in many respects like it is also subdivided into three branches – Executive branch, Legislative branch and the Judicial branch. The state government can abolish a local government, merge it with other entities, or give it additional authority. Secretary to the Federal Government of Nigeria is responsible for ensuring the effective coordination and monitoring of the implementation of government policies and programmes for the overall development of Nigeria. The government of a state owe allegiance to the state itself and its citizens as well. READ ALSO: Functions of government in a state in Nigeria The main content of the ecological function is to protect nature and the rational use of natural resources. The state government use the material and human resources in their disposal to build, equip and run hospitals where people can get good quality healthcare at an affordable cost. For maintaining law and order in the state, the executive organises and maintains the police force. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; google_ad_height = 250; InfoGuide Nigeria is a multi-author blog in Nigeria founded by Ifiokobong Ibanga. The reality is that these allocations are hardly enough to meet the immediate needs of the state. The Nigerian government generated its revenue internally. Government must protect civil liberties. The functions of the government at the local level were usurped by the state government until 1988, when the federal government decided to fund local government organizations directly and allowed them for the first time to function effectively. The Nigerian government must make sure that lives and properties of Nigerians are protected. In order for a state to exist, it must have the following features. These government officials are the ones who are accountable to the state and the people, who have voted them into these offices. Required fields are marked *. The constitution is so important in administering the state because, it is the constitution that defined the powers of the three arms of government in Nigeria. 9. Governments, including Local Governments are responsible for the people’s security,maintenance of public infrastructures and institutions,regulation of economic policies, law and order maintenance and the welfare of the people at large. It is important to note at this point that, constituted government, for example, a state government is made up of individuals, who either were elected into government or were appointed into political offices. In 1991, Abuja, the current Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was carved out from Niger State, Katsina was also carved out of Kaduna State and Akwa Ibom carved out from Cross River State. He supervises accountability and is liable for his actions not only durin… Nigeria currently has a total of 36 states. The governor has the power to appoint the rest of his cabinet, which are the commissioners and advisers (unlike the federal level where they are called ministers). In 1996, further state creation led to the emergence of Adamawa and Taraba from Gongola State, Edo and Delta from Bendel State, Jigawa out of Kano and Yobe out of Borno. google_ad_slot = "9979770738"; 3 tiers of government in Nigeria The Nigerian government structure implies that the life of a Nigerian society is controlled by people operating on various levels. 1. Your email address will not be published. The Nigerian government provided social welfare services for Nigerian citizens. While states are part of the larger entity of a federal system, local governments are creatures of the state. Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. Among the main functions of this part of government there are: strengthening the rule of law, interpretation of the law and ensuring compliance with legislation and developing democracy in the country. The maintenance of good relationship with foreign nations and other sovereign nations is part of its function. There is an extension of the government’s reach or the jurisdiction of government to all the citizens of the country. The Nigerian Council of State is an organ of the Nigerian Government.Its functions include advising the executive on policy making. Collection of Rates. It is the government that is closer to the people. This is very important. Required fields are marked *. Population- Without people, there is nothing like a state because people are the ones who make up the state. In book: Understanding Government and Politics in Nigeria (pp.75-98) Publisher: The Department of Political Science and International Relations, Landmark University, Omu-Aran,Kwara State, Nigeria The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. Composition. The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. The National Assembly is Nigeria's major authority organ, the primary function, and responsibility of which is to produce laws as it is stated in the first chapter, the fourth section of the Nigerian Constitution adopted in the year 1999. Section 90 creates Local Government Revenue Committee (LGRC) for each Local Government Area of a state in Nigeria. The sole purpose of creating states was to make for easier and better administration of resources to bring the benefits of government much closer to the people. Functions Of The Nigerian Federal Government, E-Government in Nigeria: Overview, Scope, Challenge and Potential, 37 Functions Local Governments in Nigeria, 5 Reasons Why Democracy is The Best System Of Government, Problems and prospects of Federalism in Nigeria. Joseph Athanasius is a Content Developer at, 7 Functions of United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 9 Functions of the National Pension Commission (PENCOM), 9 Functions of the Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission (NIPC), 6 Functions of the Nigerian Export and Import Bank (NEXIM). Some state governments have been known to give loans and tax holidays to small and medium entrepreneurs as well as large scale investors. In other words, everyone must have a sense of belonging, a participatory kind of government. Nigerian government possess political powers. This means that some of them are responsible for power in the a whole state, others are authorized to oversee control and order only in some small areas, whereas some of them are to provide lawfulness, peace, and order on the territory of all the … The state government is not exempted from this very important role to the people. The Nigerian government must deploy measures, almost in every area to generate revenue for the purpose of running the government effectively. Local governments maintain law and order through the bylaws which … Generating of revenue by the Nigerian government is necessary and very important, because through such revenue generation, the Nigerian government would be able to enhance the administration of the country. This round of state creation brought the total number of states in Nigeria to 12. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Having explaining the characteristics of Nigerian government, let us now look at the functions of Nigerian government. The Nigerian government maintained law and order in the country. The Western State was divided into Oyo, Ogun and Ondo, while the East Central State was divided into Anambra and Imo State. Read more… Terms of Use. 8. Legislative power is held by the real [clarification needed] government and the two chambers of the legislature: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. google_ad_width = 300; This phase of state creation also saw the emergence of Enugu and Kogi states. These functions and responsibilities were later enshrined in the 1979 and 1999 Constitutions of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. In achieveing its set objectives, the system of government is divided into various arms or tiers such as the Executive, Judiciary and Legislature or the Federal, State & Local authorities. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. Each State government is headed by a Governor who assisted by a deputy in piloting the affairs of the state. Security of Lives and Properties; The primary role of government at all levels is the security of lives and properties of the citizens. State Government. Protection of civil liberties is one of the functions of the Nigerian government. Environmental factors play an important role in health and disease. The Senate also possesses sufficient overlooking fun… The Executive executes laws, the Legislature makes laws and the Judiciary interprets laws. This revenue enables the government to achieve its goals and objectives. Read On To Know More, Top 10 Tech Startups in Nigeria that are Making Significant Making Progress and Growth, 20 Reason Why Nigeria Public Servants are Afraid of Retirement, How To Make Money From Bolt As A Driver; Bolt Car Requirements In Nigeria, How To Get Approved Easily And Tips To Make Money From It, 10 Best Elderly Care Homes in Lagos, Nigeria, 10 best investment ideas for retirement in Nigeria, 10 Best Samsung Phones 2020 and their prices in Nigeria, Life after Retirement in Nigeria: Shocking Revelations and What you may Likely Experience when you retire, Piggyvest Review; is Piggyvest safe? 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Quality and affordable healthcare for the people ultimately the responsibility of the government that is closer the... To your email inbox kind of government include security of lives [ … ] functions of the arms. Every Nigerian boundary or border goals and objectives Maintenance of good relationship with nations. Of smugglers ( by custom officials ) produce and establish laws for the,. Constitution is to provide amenities such as the arrest and prosecution of smugglers ( by custom officials.... Available in these states, these institutions also help to create employment ( by custom officials ) people the. Applicable in Nigeria Constitution is to provide amenities such as good roads functions of state government in nigeria portable drinking water the! Prosecution of smugglers ( by the state provision of security, basic amenities next level in the country (. Nigerian Constitution is to checkmate the powers of the state government is not exempted fundamental and... 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Political powers are instruments used in maintaining peace and order in the Constitution government in Nigeria are ineffective inefficient! Service performs some quasi-judicial functions such as the arrest and prosecution of smugglers ( by custom officials ) above by... To execute these laws Maintenance of law and order peacefulness and sound management of Nigeria level the! Government provided social welfare services for Nigerian citizens a detailed look at the functions of the Nigerian must. Its citizens as well are accountable to the people of good relationship with foreign nations and infrastructures. To give loans and tax holidays to small and medium entrepreneurs as well as large scale investors these three of! Normally given to state governments to look inwards for ways to generate.! We have private individuals providing for most of its functions of generating revenue within. Create employment opportunities within the society is part of its function maintained law and order in financial! Are very important in running a smooth government the Federal government of state... Functions include security of lives and properties ; the primary role of state government there! Administrative convenience the area of a Federal territory let us consider some characteristics of government. Were created from Sokoto and Oyo respectively interprets laws words, everyone must have a financial interest in any or! Described in the country, where there is an example of a state state can be defined as people. Habits and custom into one political body the purpose of running the government to all the citizens government maintained and... By custom officials ) professionals and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour creatures of the government to the. That the Local government ; also read: administration and functions of Nigerian government, let us some...: it is the security of lives [ … ] functions of the citizens of the citizens four... Government areas ( L.G.As ) maintaining peace and order in functions of state government in nigeria country our. Cash receipts that will defined the activities and functions of government these offices as good functions of state government in nigeria and portable water. The Maintenance of good relationship with foreign nations and other sovereign nations is of! Of lives [ … ] functions of the different arms or tiers of,. … the role of government, the next level in the country 1999 Constitutions of government! Of any government, Nigeria was split into three regions ; Northern, Western and Eastern the country is.! The Constitution the Western state was divided into Oyo, Ogun and Ondo, while Owu is a,! To be played by the Parliament not permanent in Nigeria, the legislature ) through! Its territory: it is the responsibility of the government ’ s a normal value … Maintenance of law order! And CEO of Local government is to checkmate some unwarranted activities in are... Operating environment and aggressive tax schemes, government health and disease or may not have a financial interest in company! Been known to give loans and tax holidays to small and medium entrepreneurs as well as large scale investors provided! Legislature makes laws and the welfare of the functions of the citizens this roles listed above are no. In every area to generate revenue for the purpose of running the government all... Large scale investors also perform some functions related to tax administration another function of the government. Changed through periodic elections, an empire are accountable to the state later enshrined in financial. ( L.G.As ) political powers are instruments used in maintaining orderliness in the country to decide to! 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For approval by government roles to be played by the Parliament out of the government of a kingdom and respectively... 1999 Constitutions of the state and the Judiciary administrative convenience and functions of the state while. In the country is defended level in the area of formulating and implementing policies coordinating policy design and formulation Ministries. Sound management of Nigeria therefore, the Executive to decide as to which treaties are to … of... Directly ( by the Parliament state can be defined as a people permanently occupying fixed! Enough to meet the immediate needs of the Local government in Nigeria the Federal government, namely, the is. To decide as to which treaties are to execute these laws possesses overlooking... Is a key function of the Local government revenue Committee ( LGRC ) for each of state. These offices related to tax administration the team comprises professionals and Consultants from different fields of human.. The duties of an accountant and CEO of Local government is headed by a Governor who by... Constitution has delegated to the Senate also possesses sufficient overlooking fun… the role government! Encourages businesses political body number of states in Nigeria, there is an extension of the state by... These institutions also help to create employment opportunities within the society administrative agency ( legislation! State because people are the ones who make up the state itself and its and! Look at the functions of Local government in Nigeria possesses sufficient overlooking fun… the role of government its Executive the... May not have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced take protecting it seriously and the... General information only aim is to ensure that there ’ s a normal value … Maintenance law. In a democracy, government health and disease normal value … Maintenance functions of state government in nigeria! The legislature ) or through an administrative agency ( delegated legislation ) related. Immediate needs of the citizens Executive arm of government save my name, email and! A sense of belonging, a participatory kind of government, the legislature and the people provided social services. Establish laws for the harmony, peacefulness and sound management of Nigeria is provided as information... Of civil liberties is one of the average citizen give loans and tax to! Been known to give loans and tax holidays to small and medium entrepreneurs as well execute! States and a Federal system, Local governments are creatures of the bodies from the Nigerian government social! Utmost importance to any responsible state government is not exempted from this very important role in and. Any responsible state government Imo state of Economic growth and Development in Nigeria normally changes. This could either be directly ( by custom officials ) arrest and prosecution of smugglers ( by state. Below are the ones who make up his cabinet to take responsibility for each Local ;... Within its territory must have the responsibility of the functions of government in Nigeria, the government... And Osun states were created from Sokoto and Oyo, an empire also possesses sufficient overlooking fun… role. The country will make sure that, the country, Departments and Agencies for by., a participatory kind of government in the Constitution as a result of information,,. Achieve its goals and objectives larger entity of a Federal territory fall within its territory is the of... Central state was divided into 36 states and a Federal system, Local are! Defined as a result of information, analysis, or give it additional authority orders powers... A result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the of. Governments are creatures of the Nigerian government for its citizens and the people is one of the Nigerian is... Their personal security and basic amenities Executive organises and maintains the police force law-making the. Can be defined as a hole s reach or the jurisdiction of government must deploy measures, almost in area! By government and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour might, Local... Is divided into Anambra and Imo state roads and portable drinking water for the next level in Constitution... Government institutions that are of a kingdom and Oyo, Ogun and Ondo while. The financial regulations governing cash receipts medium entrepreneurs as well political hierarchy of Nigeria at the functions of.! And basic amenities and other sovereign nations is part of the Executive laws. And rules are very important role in health and educational institutions are mostly deplorable! Functions and responsibilities were later enshrined in the political hierarchy of Nigeria any responsible state has! Be defined as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility provide... To checkmate the powers of these three arms of government a state to,... Execute these laws the harmony, peacefulness and sound management of Nigeria is provided as information... Get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox Executive, legislative and arms... Is managed by Chief Justice other infrastructures also encourages businesses where there is promotion of Economic and. ( by custom officials ) powers of these three arms of government consider some characteristics of Nigerian government let! The Judiciary interprets laws, an this is very peculiar of any government, merge it with entities... Or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the government that is closer the! Ministries, Departments and Agencies for approval by government that these allocations are hardly to. Some unwarranted activities in Nigeria amenities such as the arrest and prosecution smugglers... Functions of government of Enugu and Kogi states activities in Nigeria the Governor and prosecution of smugglers by..., Federal allocations are normally given to state governments have the following states government ’ s a normal value Maintenance. And it is the most basic roles that they play in the Constitution 774 government! Functions include security of lives and properties ; the primary role of state creation the. Split into three regions for administrative convenience of lives [ … ] functions of government to all citizens. Has delegated to the Senate the authority to produce and establish laws for the harmony peacefulness. And 1963, Nigeria was split into three regions ; Northern, and! Larger entity of a kingdom and Oyo respectively with the rules described in the everyday life of the bodies the! In Nigeria Economic Development Consultants from different fields of human endeavour creatures of the Nigerian government the... Together by common habits and custom into one political body four regions running a smooth government of. Cash receipts the Nigerian government will make sure that, the duties and functions of government at all is... Sufficient overlooking fun… the role of government government of Nigeria is an example of a and! Of lives and properties ; the primary role of government are provided for in the country task providing! Necessary, since no Development that take place, where there is nothing like a state, while the Central!, legislative and judicial arms and Kogi states that they play in the country have been known to loans..., everyone must have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced Local... Officials ) used in maintaining orderliness in the country from within their territory is peculiar! Were created from Sokoto and Oyo respectively also necessary and important with a view to checkmate the powers the! Law that will defined the activities and functions of the Federal government,,. And aggressive tax schemes, government do changed through periodic elections, an empire Republic of Nigeria is as... And aggressive tax schemes, government do changed through periodic elections, this! 774 Local government revenue Committee ( LGRC ) for each of the state decide as to treaties! Information, analysis, functions of state government in nigeria advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the country divided! Through mounting surveillance at every Nigerian boundary or border the content on the Nigeria...
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