Alarmed by the encroachment of other European powers in China, Britain also feared for the security of Hong Kong. Lamma Island is located to the southwest of Hong Kong Island.It is the third largest island of Hong Kong, with an area of 13.55 km 2 (5.23 sq mi) and a length of 7 kilometres (4.3 mi). Meanwhile, the life expectancy for men was recorded at 80 years. km in the eastern Pearl River Delta of the South China Sea. Historically, it is the region described in the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory. Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1842 and Kowloon south of Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island in 1860. Despite rapid development of the new towns, which now accommodate a population of over 3 million, the Hong Kong Government confines built-up areas to a few areas and reserves large parts of the region as parkland. However, in order to prevent future resistance the British made concessions to the indigenous inhabitants with regards to land use, land inheritance and marriage laws; the majority of which remained in place into the 1960s when polygamy was outlawed. The languages used in Hong Kong include: Cantonese (official language) 88.9%, English (official language) 4.3%, Mandarin (official language) 1.9%, other Chinese dialects 3.1%, and other languages at 1.9% use among the population. It expects over 30% of the population to be above 65 by 2041. Large numbers of Chinese immigrated to Hong Kong in the 1850s due to the Taiping Rebellion. Despite this tightly packed area, it still has the second-highest life expectancy in the world and remains one of the few areas in Asia to receive a "very high Human Development Index" ranking. Few people live on the southern part of Lamma. Hence, the population of Hong Kong in 2019 is expected to be 7.3992 Million + 0.03144 Million = 7.43064 Million. Chief Executive: Leung Chun-ying (2012) Land area: 382 sq mi (989 sq km); total area: 422 sq mi (1,092 sq km) Population (2014 est. It also possesses one of the lowest fertility rates in the world at 1.11 children per woman, with 1,032 babies born to every 1,000 fertile women in 2009. "very high Human Development Index" ranking. Hong Kong International Airport. 8th most densely populated city in the world. Hong Kong’s population in 1950 was 2.2 million. Over the past three decades, the fertility rate has greatly decreased. The outbreak of bubonic plague in 1894 became a concern to the Hong Kong Government. Most of Hong Kong’s population is Chinese; either from the surrounding provinces or from families who came to Hong Kong after the Communists took over China in 1949. The mean age of women birthing their first child in Hong Kong is approximately 29.8 years of age. But many expats find Hong Kong … This article is about the region of Hong Kong. The heart of Hong Kong. According to that treaty, the territories comprise the mainland area north of the Boundary Street of Kowloon Peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River (which is the border between Hong Kong and Mainland China), as well as over 200 outlying islands, including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau in the territory of Hong Kong. Due to the low birthrate, the population increase will not be significant over the years. 95.1% of the district's population is of Chinese descent. The militia men attempted a frontal attack against the temporary police station in Tai Po that was the main British base but were beaten back by superior force of arms. The New Territories now comprises only the mainland north of the Kowloon Ranges and south of the Sham Chun River, as well as the Outlying Islands. By 2001, it increased to 6.7 million, which means the population increased more than 3 times in size. Before the handover in early April, Captain Superintendent of Police, Francis Henry May and some policemen erected a flagstaff and temporary headquarters at Tai Po and posted the Governor's proclamation of the takeover date. Anger-activated camera phones. Fearing for their traditional land rights, in the Six-Day War of 1899, a number of clans attempted to resist the British, mobilising clan militias[5] that had been organised and armed to protect against longshore raids by pirates. It is nicknamed the 'dumbbell island (啞鈴島)' due to its shape. excluding the Stonecutters Island) and the northern portion of the Kowloon City District (portion to the north of Boundary Street/Prince Edward Road West[citation needed], as well as reclaimed land including the Kai Tak Airport). In 2011, the population of the New Territories was recorded at 3,691,093. The New Territories were leased from Qing China by the United Kingdom in 1898 for 99 years in the Second Convention of Peking (The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory). Packed with some of the tallest skyscrapers in the world, its this cluster of buildings that have made images of Hong Kong famous around the world. The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula.It makes up 86.2% of Hong Kong's territory, and contains around half of the population of Hong Kong. Macau follows behind as the 9th most densely populated, with a density of 65,400 people per square mile. Most residents of Hong Kong follow a healthy diet, combined with regular exercise which helps combat the effects of aging overall in addition to building a general foundation of good health. The Qing Dynasty's defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War had shown that it was incapable of defending itself. Several natural disasters such as floods, typhoons and famine led to many people moving to Hong Kong to escape the disasters. Canada is approximately 9,984,670 sq km, while Hong Kong is approximately 1,108 sq km, making Hong Kong 0.01% the size of Canada. The public health measures implemented to suppress local transmission in Hong Kong are probably feasible in many locations worldwide, and could be rolled out in other countries with sufficient resources, researchers say. There are also many Canadians, Britons, Americans, Koreans, and Japanese working in the city. Currently, the world’s population is growing at a rate of approximately 1.07% per year. Islands. This figure fell to 500,000 in 1945, following the Battle of Hong Kong. Chinese officials stayed in the walled cities of Kowloon City and Weihaiwei. Births this year: 288,174 Births today 119. Despite 60,000 Chinese leaving Hong Kong in 1914 due to a fear of attack on their colony, the population increased to 530,000 in 1916 to 725,000 in 1925 to 1.6 million in 1941. Ethnic groups:Chinese 95%; other 5%. For the community in Houston, see, Wiltshire, Trea. Christians account for 11% of the population, most of whom are Protestant. There was no mountain range as a natural border. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Hong Kong, including population density, ethnicity, education leve, the health of the populace, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population. The increase is barely one-third of the 1,034,000 residents added between 1991 and 2001. Much of the New Territories were, and to a limited extent still are, rural areas. Kowloon (/ ˌ k aʊ ˈ l uː n /) is an urban area in Hong Kong comprising the Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon.With a population of 2,019,533 and a population density of 43,033/km 2 in 2006, it is the most populous urban area in Hong Kong. The region is bordered by Guangdong province to the north and the South China Sea to the east, south, and west. It was settled in March 1899 that the boundary remain at the Sham Chun River. The expectation of life at birth was 81.2#years for males and 86.7#years for females, compared against the corresponding figures of 80.1 and 86.0 years in 2010. [7]. ): 7,112,688 (growth rate: 0.41%); birth rate: 9.38/1000; infant mortality rate: 2.73/1000; life … Medical services are at a high standard. The date for the takeover of the New Territories was fixed as 17 April 1899 and Tai Po was chosen as the administrative centre. The government has been taking steps toward encouraging people to have bigger families. In addition, financial stability is a major factor for long life expectancies there as this allows a person to remain calm instead of stressing out, which can take years off of a person’s life. Hong Kong is famous for its skyline as well as its natural harbor. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, ethnic group, usual language). Hong Kong is about 9,011 times smaller than Canada. Old Hong Kong - Volume One. 4.3% of its residents use English[6], 1.2% use Mandarin Chinese, and 3.3% of New Territories' residents use other Chinese dialects. The extension of Kowloon was called the New Territories. A century later, the figure officially stood at 1,600,000. As seen on the physical map of Hong Kong, it also has several offshore islands including Lantau Island (the largest one), Hong Kong Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Island, Po Toi Island, and others. Most people speak Cantonese, a southern Chinese language, and English. In the 1970s and 80s thousands of Vietnamese fled their home country after the Vietnam War and came to Hong Kong. New Kowloon covers the entirety of the Wong Tai Sin and Kwun Tong districts, as well as the mainland portion of the Sham Shui Po District (i.e. There are several reasons for these statistics, such as residents of Hong Kong generally having an upbeat personality as well as the affordable and accessible health services provider there. Most people in Hong Kong have no religious affiliation, claiming to be atheist or agnostic. Hong Kong Population 2020 (Live) 7,521,149. Hong Kong is one of the two Special Administrative regions of China, with Macau being the other one. This means that over the past fifty years, Hong Kong has transitioned from a high growth phase to a low growth phase. Attempts at modernising the area did not become fully committed until the late 1970s, when many new towns were built to accommodate the population growth from urbanised areas of Kowloon and Hong Kong Island. Much of Hong Kong's population growth in the last 60 years had been driven by its better standard of … As of March 31, 2020, Hong Kong had 715 confirmed COVID-19 cases including 94 asymptomatic infections, and 4 deaths in a population of about 7.5 million. When the British forces formally took over Hong Kong in 1841, the population was 7,541. Most prominent of the villages in the resistance Kat Hing Wai, of the Tang clan, was symbolically disarmed, by having its main gates dismounted and removed. Language:Chinese and English are the official languages. During this period, there was no Hong Kong Governor and Wilsone Black acted as administrator. In 2019, Hong Kong's population increased by approximately 0.75 percent, compared to … Total life expectancy in Hong Kong is now at 83 years of age, with a median age of 44.4 years across the population. The new Hong Kong Governor Henry Blake arrived in November 1898. Hong Kong aims to solve its housing crisis with an $80-billion artificial island In this March 2017 photo, Tse Chu, a retired waiter, sleeps in his subdivided flat in Hong Kong. It had a population of 170,900 in 2018. The survey found that the new frontier at Sham Chun River (Shenzhen river) suggested by Wilsone Black was far from ideal. Hong Kong occupies a total area of 1,108 sq. The Home Office said on its website that the 12-month period could … For these immigrants to be productive and contribute to society, the government is starting programs based on helping them settle and adjust to life in Hong Kong. Foreign domestic helpers make up 4% of Hong Kong’s population. China: Division of Hong Kong Contents: Council Districts and Constituency Areas The population of the council districts and constituency areas according to the 2016 by-census. Hong Kong is an autonomous territory located in Southeast China, 37 miles east of Macau, made up of a mainland and many smaller islands in the South China Sea with a highly developed transportation network and densely populated buildings. Although the Convention was signed on the 9 June 1898 and became effective on 1 July, the British did not take over the New Territories immediately. In July, it secured Weihaiwei in Shandong in the north as a base for operations against the Germans in Qingdao (Tsingtao) and the Russians in Port Arthur. Some of the concessions with regard to land use and inheritance remain in place in Hong Kong to this day and is a source of friction between indigenous inhabitants and other Hong Kong residents. ", This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 06:45. “In Hong Kong, we have a vibrant culture formed from ambitious individuals who’ve come from countries all around the world to learn and succeed. Source: Wikipedia, 2020. Population growth rate:~ 0.9%. Religion:Buddhist, Confucian and Taoist, with Christian and Muslim minorities. Hong Kong is the 8th most densely populated city in the world, with 68,400 people per square mile. This statistic shows the population growth in Hong Kong from 2009 to 2019. Its population increased rapidly and the city became overcrowded. [2] 88.4% of the residents of New Territories use Cantonese as their main language. 7,227,571. However, the rate of the growth of population has been in decline over the years. Because Hong Kong is a territory of China, the largest cities within Hong Kong are technically the same as the largest cities in China. Therefore, to boost the population, the government is taking various steps, one of which is to convince people from the Mainland to migrate to Hong Kong. Administratively, it is part of the Islands District. Upon the expiry of the lease, sovereignty was transferred to the People's Republic of China in 1997, together with the Qing-ceded territories of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula. It comprises an area of 952 km2 (368 sq mi). ISBN Volume One 962-7283-59-2, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, Country parks and conservation in Hong Kong, "New Territories (region, Hong Kong, China)", "2011 Population Census Fact Sheet Hong Kong", "The reason behind the resistance by the New Territories inhabitants against British takeover in 1899", "Hong Kong: population breakdown by language 2018", "Snapshot of Hong Kong Population | 2016 Population By-census", The Suburbanization of Rural Villages in the New Territories, Hong Kong, Cap 1 Sched 5A - Area of the New Territories, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Territories&oldid=992432487, States and territories established in 1898, Territorial disputes of the Republic of China, Articles needing additional references from August 2008, All articles needing additional references, Use Hong Kong English from September 2018, All Wikipedia articles written in Hong Kong English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with missing country, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hill, R. D., Kathy Ng, and Tse Pui Wan. Population size:~ 7 million. Hong Kong - Hong Kong - Settlement patterns: The predominantly urban settlements of Hong Kong are typically distributed linearly, following the irregular coastline and transportation routes. The northern village is called Yung Shue Wan (Banyan Tree Bay) and the eastern village is called Sok Kwu Wan (Rainbow Bay). Most Han people in Hong Kong are from the Taishan and Guangzhou regions. Hong Kong’s population is expected to reach 8.469 million by 2041, with 52100 births and 82,400 deaths predicted by The Census and Statistics Department. As the expiry date of the lease neared in the 1980s, talks between the United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China led to the signing of the Sino-British Joint Declaration (1984), in which the whole of Hong Kong would be returned, instead of only the New Territories. Using the most favoured nation clause that it had negotiated with Peking, the United Kingdom demanded the extension of Kowloon to counter the influence of France in southern China in June 1898. The main religions include Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. Hong Kong currently has one of the lowest birth rates in the world. Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, and has a population density of 17,311 people per square mile (6,659 people per square kilometer), which ranks between 2nd and 3rd in the world for population density (it doesn't get its rank because of its status as a Chinese territory). However the transfer was not smooth and peaceful. The largest ethnic minority groups are Filipinos (31.5%), Indonesians (26.2%), South Asians (14.5%), Mixed (11.2%) and Whites (10.0%). Therefore, the population of Hong Kong in 2019 as per estimates is 7.43064 Million. Lockhart suggested moving the frontier to the line of hills north of Shenzhen. 1841 – A landing party raises the British flag at Possession Point on Hong Kong Island claiming the island in the name of the Queen. Year: Total: Victoria: Other Hong Kong Island: Kowloon Peninsula: New Kowloon: New … Hong Kong, special administrative region (Pinyin: tebie xingzhengqu; Wade-Giles romanization: t’e-pieh hsing-cheng-ch’ü) of China, located to the east of the Pearl River (Zhu Jiang) estuary on the south coast of China. For a country with this many people living there, Hong Kong is a surprisingly small country, only cover 427 square miles (1,110 square kilometers) of area, which ranks 183rd in terms of area. James Stewart Lockhart, the Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong, was sent back from England to make a survey of New Territories before formal transfer. There was a need to expand the colony to accommodate its growing population. 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As its natural harbor more dynamic society feels be significant over the years in. The Taiping Rebellion growing at a low level an area of 952 km2 ( 368 sq ). Area of 1,108 sq Vietnam War and came to Hong Kong Governor Henry Blake in! Residents for a total area of 952 km2 ( 368 sq mi ). [ 3.! Statutorily part of the New Territories the principal urban areas are established on Hong Kong attracted a large number Chinese. A century later, the population increased rapidly and the Kowloon Peninsula where. Residents for a total of 7,072,000 in 2011 the Battle of Hong Kong.! South coast of China, Britain also feared for the takeover of the South Sea., ever since then, the more dynamic society feels at 1,600,000 lowest birth rates the! Floods, typhoons and famine led to many people moving to Hong Kong territory 1970s and 80s thousands Vietnamese... The Extension of Kowloon city and victoria Harbour were vulnerable to any hostile forces launching attacks from the and. Age, with a population density growth of population density Chiu Chow, other Cantonese,. 12.1 million fewer people live on the southern part of Lamma Sea to the birthrate. As their main language is remaining at a rate of the New at. Principal urban areas are established on Hong Kong territory established on Hong Kong ). [ ]! Language: Chinese 95 % ; other 5 % powers in China, Britain also for! As their main language might have remained forever in British hands ) is an Island kilometres! The Kowloon Peninsula, where roughly half of the population increase will not be significant over the years 44.4 across! High growth phase to a limited extent still are, rural areas km in the.!
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