When the nail heads protrude above the surface of the wood, there is no sanding technique you can use, short of sanding each board with a palm sander, that will spare them. It is considered “greener” because it doesn’t involve newly felled old-growth trees; it may be less expensive; it has character to match the truly old house, due to markings made by previous joinery, nails, and wear. Oil creates a subtle surface texture that looks attractive on old wood, and it waterproofs and protects from within. Sanding hardwood floors is always a grind (see what I did there? check it out. Details Catherine Liewen December 31st 2000 Published as Poisonous Perils in February/March 2001 Issue. We purchased a very old semi-detached home that was built in 1914. Step by Step Instructions. Besides having an abiding interest in popular science, Deziel has been active in the building and home design trades since 1975. Pound down hard with a nailset. Heart pine floors darken slightly with exposure to light and will age gracefully, taking on a unique mellow color. If you used a dustless sanding product, then you only need to apply one or two coats of clear finish to complete the project. If your hardwood floor is only lightly worn, damaged, or scratched, you may be able to refinish it without sanding. 2.) You can give an old timber floor a big facelift by sanding it down. As long as you operate the drum sander properly and keep the equipment moving. Fill the resulting hole with wood putty, allow a few hours for it to dry, then sand it lightly with the grain until it’s flush with the floor. Seal air vent covers to prevent dust from sanding … Floor Sanding Lie #2: We Can See the Nails, The Floor Can't Be Sanded. 3 Nail & moisture stains on wood floors Where small black stains developed in a wood floor in a 1920's bungalow that we restored (our lab and office) we had great success by combining sanding with spot bleach using a Q-tip to lighten the black spots where in prior years moisture had caused bleed and corrosion staining around those fasteners. Before starting, have you seen types of sanders article? However, in most instances, you will be dealing with larger floor areas which need a belt sander to be efficiently sanded. Anyways! All of the flooring contractors who contribute to this website recommend hiring a professional when sanding hardwood floors. So countersink all nails by at least 1/8 in. This will save your “good” nailset for the “real” work of pounding in finish nails. Advice is part of a series How To Sand and Seal Timber Floors. You run the drum sander across and see that shower of sparks flying away…it’s better than the 4th of July. ), but we cut our losses quickly. Avoid colored pallets that have been used to carry fertilizers. This is an intensive process that strips everything from the floor by grinding it down to the natural wood underneath all that shine. Many times, because of a weak underlayment or because of improper floor installation many years before, the floor will start moving and some nails will push themselves up. This will be hard pounding. Landscaping Companies: Quality hardwood pallets are used to support the weight of all-natural plants, shrubs, and sod. Fill all your countersunk face-nail holes (not the decorative cut nails) with a hardening putty and sand flush with the wood with 120-grit paper. Will this jepordize the final finish greatly ?Q2. The ammonia in pet stains penetrates deep into the timber. Besides the flooring sander, you'll also want to have a handheld belt sander on hand for working down raised sections of the deck and a palm sander for sanding corners. Restoring Hardwood Floors After Years Of Neglect And Damage How to fill nail holes bob vila sanding floorboards hammering in nails cleaning gaps filling diy guide how to professionally sand wooden floors floorboards refinishing hardwood floors how to hide or get rid of nails. Clear the room completely and make any necessary repairs to the floor. Normal flooring nails don't have a wide head so it is possible to drive them below the surface but these have a big head. Then, sand the entire area at the same angle, moving constantly as you work. The downside to oil based is that it can yellow over time. The majority of floors were constructed of wood planks from 8" to 18" wide, because narrow boards were expensive to prepare in a pre-industrial era and therefore reserved for … Repeat this … You may be able to use a spackle knife and razor blade, or you may need to pry it off with a crowbar. Wipe down the whole surface with a tack cloth to remove any dust from sanding. Then the drum sander rips that sealer and stain right off and–flash!!–sparks. With this guide in mind, you are going to have a much easier time when it comes to sanding the hardwood floors in your home and you will know exactly what you need to do. I love the colour of the hardwood (chestnut) and I think it is probably a very good quality hardwood, but its very marked up and there was a wall… In lieu of sanding rough edges, a hand planer may be the best tool for the job to avoid creating potentially toxic dust. the lazy way): 1.) © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Hardwood floor sanding is a skilled job that takes practice and experience. The U-sand sander was not the right tool for this part of the project. When you sand your hardwood floors, you use coarse sanding equipment to remove all of the finish and stain from your floors as well as smooth out the wood underneath those layers of stain and sealer. Pine is a common material that was used in flooring in the early 1900s. Most of the time, sanding and refinishing hardwood floors alone won’t remove pet stains. You use one of these products by spreading it on the floor with an applicator and letting it dry. A typical nail-down, ¾-inch, tongue-and-groove wood floor can be resanded several times by a good professional flooring contractor; most beginning floor contractors would have a tendency to sand too much off the floor, decreasing the overall life and leaving little or no wood for the next sanding. Then switch to fine sandpaper (200+ grit) until the entire piece is uniform. Uncategorized; Chemical Stripping As An Alternative To Sanding An Old Floor. When you sand your hardwood floors, you use coarse sanding equipment to remove all of the finish and stain from your floors as well as smooth out the wood underneath those layers of stain and sealer. Having said that, our kitchen floor looked absolutely awful, but after replacing a few of the rotten floorboards and giving everything a sand, it’s act… To detect nails, drag a metal snow shovel across the floor (upside down). We also give you a few helpful tips on using sandpaper. And believe me, drum sander sandpaper is not cheap. It may be just a little nick at first, but give it a minute and it’s a goner. Fine grits, such as #220, are frequently used for a final light sanding just before applying stain to the wood. When the final coat dries, a coat of non-silicone floor wax, buffed with a floor buffer and lambswool buffing pad, will make the floor shine. Victorian and later homes usually are better suited to hardwoods. Check for squeaks and secure loose floorboards with finishing nails. Pull up a heating grate if possible to see how much hardwood is left. We show you how to use sanding machines the professionals use to get the job done. Sanding the floor will kick up a lot of dust, so protect light fixtures and tape over electrical outlets. Avoid sanding unless it’s absolutely necessary; Consult an expert with restoration experience ; Conclusion; Dirt and debris accumulate in the finish of the floor instead of in the wood itself and regular cleaning is the only guarantee for a long lasting floor. Excess water on old wood floors can worsen the situation you are trying to control. Medium grits, such as #120 and #150, are useful for removing old finish or scratches. If the wood floor is old (20+ years old), you should avoid sanding it. The living/dining room area is approximately 300 square feet. Be sure to set all the face nails, so that your paper last longer. Restoring Hardwood Floors After Years Of Neglect And Damage How to fill nail holes bob vila sanding floorboards hammering in nails cleaning gaps filling diy guide how to professionally sand wooden floors floorboards refinishing hardwood floors how to hide or get rid of nails. Below, we have detailed all the steps on how to sand hardwood floors with a belt sander to get the most of your next refinish. If you have never refinished a floor before at all, this step may be one you need a professional to help with, or you could cause irreparable damage to your floor. When you back up to the area, you can easily kick the locater away. Holes can be plugged and squeaky floors can be tightened and quieted with nails or dry lubricant. Mar 3, 2015 - How to Refinish Wood Floors without Sanding! Your stock removal will rarely exceed 1/16, even with 3 sanding passes. How do I know if I have enough floor left to sand? Hammer down protruding nails. 1) Splintering 2) Nail holes- sand to far and you’d have nails to sink and fill, one by one 3) If they’d been previously refinished- you might have even less than 1/4 inch. Repairing and refinishing old hardwood floors can be a labor-intensive and complex process. And that rationale makes sense. In early houses every feature had a practical origin, and wide-board painted wood floors were no exception. The nails would tear up the sandpaper in no time. Even if you already know how to sand hardwood floors, you might have an easier time doing so after reading this post because there are plenty of tips and tricks to help make it easier. There are two basic methods: buffing or abrading the existing coat before refinishing, or, alternatively, applying a chemical “etching” kit. http://www.julcowood.com Our Company is a established parquet floor sanding, staining and restoration. It helps if you’ve got an old, crapped-out nailset that you don’t care about anymore. As a landscape builder, he helped establish two gardening companies. When it was all said and done, we decided to move forward and documented our whole journey when it came to our hardwood floor restoration. Step 5 We used two to three shims per area, stacking them on top of one another to get the desired height, remembering to leave 1/2 -inch at the top for the plywood. Q1. How to Sand Wood Floors with a Belt Sander. Refinishing Wood Floors: Screening, Sanding, and Finishes Most Popular See This 19th-Century Schoolhouse Get Repurposed into a Charming Home When a city dweller decamps to the country and tackles the renovation of a 19th-century schoolhouse, there are more than a few lessons to be learned. However, the square nails sit flush with the surface preventing us from ever being able to refinish them with a sander. If the heads have sharp edges that catch the wool, however, you may have to buff by hand. To remove those last bits of finish, palm sand with medium sandpaper (150 grit) until you see the bare wood. However, there are some things that you can do to fix the problem. To decide the best solution that works for your home, here are seven things to consider before renewing or refinishing old hardwood floors. What kind of wear and tear is this floor going to see? You can give an old timber floor a big facelift by sanding it down. This will be hard pounding. Get about 75% of the old glue off with the edger, then you can switch to a drum sander without fear of gumming up the chassis with abrasive or accidently hitting a nail that was buried under all the gunk. http://www.julcowood.com Our Company is a established parquet floor sanding, staining and restoration. Share on Facebook. But sparks lead to problems, not because of fire or anything (though keep an eye out for this, since you’re dealing with dry sawdust, t00). We show you how to use sanding machines the professionals use to get the job done. But you may not see these nail heads at first. When you get to a wall, move the sander back to your starting point and slightly to the side, overlapping your first pass. Floor sanding is the process of removing the top surfaces of a wooden floor by sanding with abrasive materials.. A variety of floor materials can be sanded, including timber, cork, particleboard, and sometimes parquet.Some floors are laid and designed for sanding. Mark the area by setting something on top of the area (a paper coffee cup?). It will still squeak if you don't lift and renail the floor. A step by step video for a home owner on how to use various wood floor sanders, and how to apply the finish. If you have antique floors with square nails, or want to save money and the mess, this tutorial is for you. The old finishes, waxes, gouges, cupping and overwood pictured above must all be removed completely in order to rejuvenate a floor. Landscaping Companies: Quality hardwood pallets are used to support the weight of all-natural plants, shrubs, and sod. There are more ways to ruin a hardwood floor than there are to sand it properly. A very old floor that's been refinished many times may also not be able to take another refinishing. Question and Answers. Continue to step-by-step instructions. But test for asbestos or lead before you sand because sanding will just spread those substances through your entire home. Here's a look at ways to determine whether you need a simple repair, a full refinishing job, or to simply start fresh with a new hardwood floor installation. A:  Sanding over exposed nail heads in your wood flooring is a beautiful experience. The use of those common nails seems to be somebody's desperate attempt to reduce the problem. Most hardwood floors are installed with invisible nails, and those that aren't are either old or intended to look old. Once you've done a 120 grit pass, for a really smooth surface you can wet it (that brings up all the fibers) then wait for it to dry and do a quick pass with a 120 screen. A repair was made in the floor, and the repair was inexpertly done. Almost all old floors can be salvaged and refinished by skilled contractors. There are some old nail holes on the planks that we do not intend to plug. REMOVE THE BROKEN BOARDS. By face-nailed, we mean that nails were pounded into the top of the floor board, not through the tongue-and-groove side area. Pine floor planking is in the category of a soft wood, whereas most wood floors are commonly referred to as hardwood. Wood floors are durable and easy to maintain, but they're still subject to accidental gouges, scratches, and heavy wear. I’m not here to guarantee that you will have a great, or a horrible outcome painting your wood floors without, or even with, sanding. Before sanding your hardwood flooring, practice on a plywood board until you know how to use both tools comfortably. Pine floors usually have face nails securing them to the subflooring, so be sure to countersink them before sanding or you could ruin your machine. That said, in my experience thus far (at the time of writing this post my floors have been painted for four months), painting without sanding has worked just fine… Unlike a sander, the buffer shouldn't have any effect on rounded nail heads other than to make them shine. The best way to refinish wood floors without sanding is to use a technique called screen and recoat. Pound down hard with a nailset. This involves scuffing up the finish with a floor buffer and applying a refresher coat. Termite-damaged planks, insect-infested boards or delaminated strips can be replaced if there aren't too many. Consider these tips for common wood floor repairs. Of course you'll be removing all that old, ugly finish, but understand that old finish is embedded in the wood of your floor, so you can't avoid removing the top layer of wood when you sand off unwanted finish. True story! Use a drum sander 60 and 80 should do the trick. * 3.) Tinted epoxy filler is the best material for spot fills. When you're sanding, nail heads will rip the sanding belt (which costs you money) or gouge the sanding drum (which costs you more money). You can choose from a variety of dustless sanding products -- essentially chemical etching agents -- to restore a finish without removing it. Make sure they are all countersunk at least a couple of millimetres below the level of the deck. In your opinion, do you feel pine flooring should be stained or left natural with a protective coating on it ?Q3. 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