This phenomenon happens around June 20th when the sun is overhead the Tropic of Cancer at 23½ degrees North and around December 20th when the sun is overhead the Tropic of Capricorn at 23½ degrees south. Similar migrations of the intertropical convergence zone have been observed in Central America for the period ad 700 to 900 (refs 4-6), suggesting … There are strong currents of rising air known as updraughts. The thermal equator around which the Intertropical Convergence Zone forms thus moves, depending on the season. As the Earth moves with the seasons, the area which receives the highest amount of heat energy from the sun varies. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums or the calms because of its monotonous, windless weather, is the area where the northeast and southeast trade winds converge. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) is one of Trinidad and Tobago’s main rainfall producers and is one of the triggers of the annual wet season in the region. Also known as … The ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) play important role in the global circulation system and also known as the Equatorial Convergence Zone or Intertropical Front. climate zones between the tropics and the subtropics. The Intertropical Convergence Zone, or ITCZ, is the region that circles the Earth, near the equator, where the trade winds of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres come together. controls river currents has large petroleum deposits influences climate is a hydroelectric plant The Intertropical Convergence Zone influences climate. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as The Doldrums, is the area encircling the earth near the equator where winds originating in the northern and southern hemispheres come together.. jəns ‚zōn] (meteorology) The axis, or a portion thereof, of the broad trade-wind current of the tropics; this axis is the dividing line between the southeast trades and the northeast trades (of the Southern and Northern hemispheres, respectively). It follows the appar-ent annual path of the Sun northward and southward during the seasons. Understanding its behavior during future warmer climate is … The solid band of clouds may extend for many hundreds of miles and is sometimes broken into smaller line segments. The ITCZ can cause shifting of wind patterns which results to moving thermal energy and moisture to different parts of the globe. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums or the calms because of its monotonous, windless weather, is the area where the northeast and southeast trade winds converge. The last characteristic of the ITCZ is that it experiences storms. The double-Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) problem, in which excessive precipitation is produced in the Southern Hemisphere tropics, which resembles a Southern Hemisphere counterpart to the strong Northern Hemisphere ITCZ, is perhaps the most significant and most persistent bias of global climate models. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Expert analysis directly to your inbox. Also known as … Illustration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) January 12. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums or the calms because of its monotonous, windless weather, is the area where the northeast and southeast trade winds converge. This area is the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). 2018. The Intertropical Convergence Zone is a band of upwelling moist air near the equator. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) lies in the equatorial trough, a permanent low-pressure feature where surface trade winds, laden with heat and moisture, converge to form a zone of increased convection, cloudiness, and precipitation. Because the ITCZ is a zone of high precipitation, we suggest that this convergence was an important driver of Early Miocene High Himalayan exhumation and erosion. Atmospheric conditions in the ITCZ are very unstable. Also known as … The Intertropical Convergence Zone synonyms, The Intertropical Convergence Zone pronunciation, The Intertropical Convergence Zone translation, English dictionary definition of The Intertropical Convergence Zone. The intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is a planetary-scale band of heavy precipitation close to the equator. Precipitation in the ITCZ is driven by moisture convergence associated with the northerly and … The ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) play important role in the global circulation system and also known as the Equatorial Convergence Zone or Intertropical Front. the world's arid and semi-arid desert regions. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums, is the area encircling the earth near the equator where winds originating in the northern and southern hemispheres come together. The Intertropical Convergence Zone, or ITCZ, is a band of low pressure around the Earth which generally lies near to the equator. The ITCZ is also called the "climate equator"—it lies near the geographic equator, and divides the global air circulation patterns into two mirror images to the north and south. This zone is called the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone, or ITCZ, is a belt of low weight that circles the Earth commonly near to the Equator, where the exchange winds of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres interact. Look it up now! View Comments (0) Close Comments. Sailors refer to the Intertropical Convergence Zone as doldrums because the belt lacks horizontal air movement since the warm air simply rises. This zone is called the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). The intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is the world’s most important rainfall belt, affecting the livelihood of billions of people globally. This area is the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). It is also called Equatorial Convergence Zone (ECZ) or Intertropical Front. The trade winds … The Intertropical Convergence Zone refers to a belt that is characterized by a belt of low pressure where the trade winds of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres come together encircling the earth, generally near the equator. The rainfall received in this area is not gentle rainfall and is characterized by thunderstorms. Intertropical convergence zone definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. jəns ‚zōn] (meteorology) The axis, or a portion thereof, of the broad trade-wind current of the tropics; this axis is the dividing line between the southeast trades and the northeast trades (of the Southern and Northern hemispheres, respectively). The belt is mostly characterized by vigorous thunderstorms over broad areas due to convective activity. It is associated with the seasonal migration of rainfall in the tropics and the subtropical anticyclones. The northern and the southern trade winds converge at the ITCZ and to due to Earth’s rotation, the winds lose energy as they cross the equator. convergence and uplift of warm surface air. The rising air produces high cloudiness, frequent thunderstorms, and heavy rainfall; the doldrums, oceanic regions of calm surface air, occur within the zone. Different places receive varying heat energy amounts as the earth rotates with the seasons. This zone receives the highest amount of heat from the sun. The Earth’s entire atmosphere is defined by a whole series of different weather systems, which are often dynamic and produce our seasons and typical weather phenomena. Intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), also called equatorial convergence zone, belt of converging trade winds and rising air that encircles the Earth near the Equator. Intertropical Convergence Zone - ITCZ - 16 slide PowerPoint presentation and student worksheets covering air masses over West Africa for Geography students. Another characteristic of the ITCZ is humidity. This feature can bring days of prolonged rainfall and has historically contributed to a number … The solid band of clouds may extend for many hundreds of miles and is sometimes broken into smaller line segments. https://www.britannica.com/science/intertropical-convergence-zone. The cause and impact of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. intertropical convergence zone definition: nounA broad area of low atmospheric pressure where the northeasterly and southeasterly trade winds converge over the equatorial region, extending approximately 10° north and south of the equator. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), which is the heaviest rain belt on Earth, significantly influences global hydroclimate change and livelihood of nearly 40% of the global population. A migrating zone of unstable atmospheric conditions…. The ITCZ is a zone of convergence at the thermal equator where the trade winds meet. Earth’s deep-tropical climate is dominated by the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), a narrow band of rising air and intense precipitation (Fig. They will understand that the Intertropical Convergence Zone is only a part of a larger air circulation system that is the cause for the climate zones between the tropics and the subtropics. Define intertropical convergence zone. What Type Of Animals Live In The Neritic Zone Of The Ocean. The Intertropical Convergence Zone _____. Intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), also called equatorial convergence zone, belt of converging trade winds and rising air that encircles the Earth near the Equator. According to scientists, the ITCZ is the wettest zone on earth since it receives precipitation up to 200 days in a single year. The belt receives afternoon showers due to high humidity. Due to the storms collected in this area, it makes it hard for aircraft to fly over the zone and also for a ship to sail through. intertropical convergence zone synonyms, intertropical convergence zone pronunciation, intertropical convergence zone translation, English dictionary definition of intertropical convergence zone. The rising air produces high cloudiness, frequent thunderstorms, and heavy rainfall; the doldrums, oceanic regions of calm surface air, occur within the zone. The ITCZ is not static, in that inconsistent location around the equator characterizes it. The position of the ITCZ varies with different seasons. Evaluation. 1 a). Omissions? understand that the Intertropical Convergence Zone is only a. part of a larger air circulation system that is the cause for the. controls river currents has large petroleum deposits influences climate is a hydroelectric plant The Intertropical Convergence Zone influences climate. 16.11.2018. Cool air can store less water than warm air. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The ITCZ shifts north and south seasonally with the Sun. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums or the calms because of its monotonous, windless weather, is the area where the northeast and southeast trade winds converge. intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) zone of convergence of air masses along the equatorial trough subtropical high-pressure belt belt of persistent high atmospheric pressure centered approximately on latitudes 30 degrees N and 30 degrees S trade winds easterly winds found in the tropical regions north and south of the Equator +36 more terms The trade winds meet (or converge) in the zone of low pressure in equatorial regions. It encircles Earth near the thermal equator, though its specific position varies seasonally.When it lies near the geographic Equator, it is called the near-equatorial trough. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) is one of Trinidad and Tobago’s main rainfall producers and is one of the triggers of the annual wet season in the region. The trade winds of both hemispheres converge between the subtropical anticyclones of the Northern and Southern hemispheres in that low-pressure region. They will understand that the Intertropical Convergence Zone is only a part of a larger air circulation system that is the cause for the climate zones between the Tropics and the Subtropics. The intense sun and warm water of the equator heats the air in the ITCZ, raising its humidity and making it buoyant. The Intertropical Convergence Zone is commonly known as the ITCZ. The ITCZ itself is a belt of low pressure that circles the Earth, generally near the Equator. The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ - pronounced "itch") appears as a band of clouds consisting of showers, with occasional thunderstorms, that encircles the globe near the equator. Since ecosystems are dependent mainly on weather patterns and temperature, shifts in weather affect animal and plant life directly or indirectly. Intense heat at the equator puts air in motion, and a worldwide pattern of winds is established. One of them, the Intertropical Convergence Zone, abbreviated to ITCZ, is a very special and unique system – particularly for aviation. • The Intertropical Convergence Zone, which is determined by the season/tilt of the earth Winds Weather in the tropics is essentially a phenomenon of solar radiation and air circulation, along with deviations caused by the earth’s rotation. The band moves with the seasons to the north and south and is characterized by heavy rainfall.The great volume of moist warm air is caused by the heat of the sun which falls more directly than it does further north or south. The ITCZ can also result in the slowing of ocean currents and even stopping ocean currents. Low air pressure mostly characterizes the ITCZ. The dynamics of the Intertropical Convergence Zone has a significant role in changing the characteristics of the Indian monsoon rainfall Since 2002, the … They will understand that the Intertropical Convergence Zone is only a part of a larger air circulation system that is the cause for the climate zones between the tropics and the subtropics. Today, the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) still commonly gets referred to as the doldrums. The trade winds of the northern and southern hemispheres come together here, which leads to the development of frequent thunderstorms and heavy rain. 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Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Britannica! Stopping Ocean currents the Indian Ocean make equatorial regions to high humidity the Northern and Southern hemispheres in inconsistent... Brief by email in that inconsistent location around the world make equatorial regions the Convergence... High humidity low-pressure region ITCZ structure to climate change using observations, simulations, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica no... Of Intertropical Convergence Zone belt of low pressure that circles the Earth which generally lies to. Close to the development of frequent thunderstorms and heavy rain especially large seasonal shifts 40°–45°. Reversal of regular trade winds meet 16 slide PowerPoint presentation and student worksheets covering air masses over West Africa Geography... Itcz or Intertropical Front seasons, the Intertropical Convergence Zone is commonly known as updraughts the belt mostly. 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