[121][122][123] Though Nepali Congress has a significantly reduced representation, it is the only major opposition to the ruling communist party in all levels of government.[124]. Rubber bands, or ranger bands cut from tubes in bike tyres, make a multi-purpose sporting equipment for Nepali children, which may be bunched or chained together, and used to play dodgeball, cat's cradle, jianzi[319] and a variety of skipping rope games. ", "Tibet's Road Ahead: Tibetans lose a haven in Nepal under Chinese pressure", "China urged to let Nepalis work in Taklakot", "Why Nepal's Access to China Ports Matters", "Belt and Road Initiative: Nepal's concern and commitment", "SAARC: Origin, Growth, Potential and Achievements", "Nepal, Bangladesh Can Become Better Trade Partners", "Marking the diplomatic ties between Nepal and Israel", "UNGA vote 'consistent with Nepal's position on Israel, Palestine, "Military expenditure (current USD) | Data", "New chief faces daunting task rebuilding Nepal Army's image", "Thapa to take charge of Nepali Army as acting CoAS", "South Asia :: Nepal – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", "Dolpa HQ connected to national road network", "Women promoted to major for first time in NA infantry", "Bhakti Shah – the fight for gay and transgender rights in Nepal", "Nepal is 19th largest receiver of remittances with $8.1 billion", "Unskilled workers dominate Nepali labour force abroad", "More Nepalis going abroad for employment", "South Asia :: Nepal — The World Factbook", "Agricultural Policies and Rural Development in Nepal: An Overview", "Nepalese Foreign Trade: Growth, Composition, and Direction", "Bangladesh, Nepal, Rwanda top India in reducing poverty – study", "World poverty is shrinking rapidly, new index reveals", "Nepal: Irrigation and Water Resource Management", "World Bank: Nepal- Country Overview 2012", "Nepali gov't presents 13.71 bln USD budget for next fiscal year", "Finance Minister Khatiwada worried as ministries fail to spend development budget", "UK should cut aid to Nepal if "endemic" corruption persists: report", "Per capita income to reach $1,400 by 2023-24", "Development Failure: A Critical Review of Three Analyses of Development in Nepal", "A Development Failure: The Development-Conflict Nexus", "Nepal tourism generated Rs240b and supported 1m jobs last year: Report", "Nepal has enough opportunities to tap tourists who visit other South Asian nations", "Nepal's unemployment rate estimated at 11.4 percent", "12 Hostages From Nepal Are Executed in Iraq, a Militant Group Claims", "He narrowly escaped the 2004 Iraq massacre of 12 Nepalis", "Basic minimum wage eludes Nepali migrant workers", "Nepali migrant workers returning home from labour destination countries without wages", "Nepal receiving two dead migrant workers every day for past seven years: Report", "Nepalese Labor Migration—A Status Report", "Labour migration in Nepal (ILO in Nepal)", NEPAL ENERGY SECTOR ASSESSMENT, STRATEGY, AND ROAD MAP, "From a fossil past to an electric future", "More than half of Nepal's electricity imported from India", "NEA to build 10 new hydropower projects", "Nepal fails to meet energy sector targets in the current fiscal", "Connecting Nepal's Rural Poor to Markets", Nepal Telecommunications Authority MIS Report Shrawan, 2076, "Press Council Nepal classifies 833 newspapers, magazines", "Nepal retains its position in press freedom rankings, states RSF report", https://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/np/np029en.pdf, http://mohp.gov.np/downloads/Constitution%20of%20Nepal_2072_Nepali.pdf, "Hindu Demographics & Denominations (Part One)", "Eid highlights Nepal's religious tolerance", "NEPAL-2018-INTERNATIONAL-RELIGIOUS-FREEDOM-REPORT", "Community-based School Management The Role Politics Plays", "Minister Pokhrel urges teachers to be loyal to their schools", "Types of scholarships provided to Nepalese students by government of Nepal", "Medical colleges charging extra fees even from govt scholarship holders", "More students seeking 'no objection' to study abroad", "Nepal ranks second in lung ailment deaths", Nepal Burden of Disease 2017: A Country Report based on the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study, "Study reveals high prevalence of non-communicable diseases in Nepal", "Nearly half of Nepali children still malnourished", "Maternal mortality reduction target hard to meet for Nepal: Officials", "Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) - Nepal | Data", "Nepal far from hitting contraceptive target", "Health insurance plan yet to cover 38 districts in Nepal", "The Current State of Maternal Health in Nepal", "Government has been trying to eliminate open defecation for over a decade. [62] Rana rule was marked by tyranny, debauchery, economic exploitation and religious persecution. 19 February ... cementing Nepal's transformation from Hindu monarchy to a federal republic. [3] There is a total of 753 local units which includes 6 metropolitan municipalities, 11 sub-metropolitan municipalities and 276 municipalities for a total of 293 urban municipalities, and 460 rural municipalities. There are 117 private TV channels and 736 FM radio stations licensed for operation, at least 314 of them, community radio stations. [89] Nepal is a habitat for 4.0% of all mammal species, 8.9% of bird species, 1.0% of reptile species, 2.5% of amphibian species, 1.9% of fish species, 3.7% of butterfly species, 0.5% of moth species and 0.4% of spider species. Different genealogies state different names of the last Kirati king. [260] Two-thirds of all deaths are due to non-communicable diseases; heart disease is the leading cause of death. [35], After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, and storage of agricultural surplus appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan. The timber of domestic structures are finely carved as with their religious counterparts. As the cherished of Ne, the valley would be called Nepāl. [44] The Gopal Bansa was the oldest dynasty to be mentioned in various texts as the earliest rulers of the central Himalayan kingdom known by the name 'Nepal'. A country cannot prosper its people aren’t happy. The ethnicity is her inherent existence. The Nepali are descendants of three major migrations from India, Tibet and North Burma, and the Chinese province of Yunnan via Assam. [169] An almost exclusively ground infantry force, Nepal Army numbers at less than one hundred thousand;[170][171][172] recruitment is voluntary. [22], According to Hindu mythology, Nepal derives its name from an ancient Hindu sage called Ne, referred to variously as Ne Muni or Nemi. [223] Except for some lignite deposits, Nepal has no known oil, gas or coal deposits. The political parties such as the Praja Parishad and Nepali Congress were already formed in exile by leaders such as B. P. Koirala, Ganesh Man Singh, Subarna Sumsher Rana, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, Girija Prasad Koirala, and many other patriotic-minded Nepalis who urged the military and popular political movement in Nepal to overthrow the autocratic Rana regime. [144] Nepal was ranked 76 out of 163 countries in the Global Peace Index (GPI) in 2019. The revolution of 1951 started when dissatisfaction against the family rule of the Ranas started emerging from among the few educated people, who had studied in various South Asian schools and colleges, and also from within the Ranas, many of whom were marginalized within the ruling Rana hierarchy. [93] In the lower hills (700 m – 2,000 m), subtropical and temperate deciduous mixed forests containing mostly Sal (in the lower altitudes), Chilaune and Katus, as well as subtropical pine forest dominated by Chir pine are common. In 1923, the United Kingdom and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship that superseded the Sugauli Treaty of 1816. [211] Premier destinations include Pokhara, the Annapurna trekking circuit and the four UNESCO world heritage sites—Lumbini, Sagarmatha National Park (home to Mount Everest), seven sites in the Kathmandu Valley collectively listed as one, and Chitwan National Park. [34] In the elections held on 10 April 2008, the Maoists secured a simple majority, with the prospect of forming a government to rule the proposed 'Republic of Nepal'. [285] Child marriages are common, especially in rural areas; many women wed before reaching 18.[286]. Other variants found in medieval texts are 'Nepar' and 'Newal'. Its major aim is to promote Loktranta brought by the people. Shankara Deva tried to pacify the Brahmins harassed by the Buddhists. President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is the head of state of Nepal. Nepali indigenous sports, like dandi biyo and kabaddi which were considered the unofficial national sports until recently,[318] are still popular in rural areas. However, the Mughal period saw an influx of high-caste Hindus from India into Nepal. Mixed Electoral System for CA Polls in Nepal; Indrajatra: Its Evolution and Interpretation The custom of pasting the pictures of Nagas and Vasuki on the doors of houses on the day of Nagapanchami was introduced by him. [194][195] The agriculture sector is particularly vulnerable as it is highly dependent on the monsoon rains, with just 28% of the arable land being irrigated, As of 2014[update]. [343] Nepal police, Armed police force and Nepal army are the most prolific producers of national players, and aspiring players are known to join armed forces, for the better sporting opportunities they can provide. [166] Countries that Nepal maintains a close relationship with, include the most generous donors and development partners—the United States, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Japan and Norway, among others. Republic Day (Nepali: गणतन्त्र दिवस) is a national holiday in Nepal.It commemorates the date on which the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal took place on 29 May 2008, which ended the 240-year reign of the Shah kings and declared Nepal a republic.The establishment of the republic put an end to the civil war that lasted for almost a decade. The king was made a titular figure, and the post of Prime Minister was made powerful and hereditary. [42] The then United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, alleged that the denial of petroleum and medicine to Nepal constituted a violation of human rights, adding to the humanitarian crisis. This correlated with the drop in sex ratio to 94.2 from 99.8 for 2001. [115], Nepal is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. Nepal is a federal republic comprising 7 provinces. In this era, new forms of art and architecture was introduced. [34] The oldest discovered archaeological evidence of human settlements in Nepal dates to around the same time. After the victory in Kirtipur, King Jaya Prakash Malla of Kathmandu sought help from the British and the then East India Company sent a contingent of soldiers under Captain Kinloch in 1767. The Constitution of Nepal is the supreme law of the land, and any other laws contradicting it are automatically invalid to the extent of the contradiction. Why is Nepal's new constitution controversial? [307][310], The foundation of a typical Nepali meal is a cereal cooked in plain fashion, and complemented with flavourful savoury dishes. As of 2014[update], an estimated 18.3% of the population lived in urban areas. [41] The blockade choked imports of not only petroleum, but also medicines and earthquake relief material. Nepal is a multicultural and multiethnic country, home to 125 distinct ethnic groups, speaking 123 different mother tongues and following a number of indigenous and folk religions in addition to Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. People in rural areas had expected that their interests would be better represented after the adoption of parliamentary democracy in 1990. Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल) is a country in South Asia bordering the Republic of India and the People's Republic of China. Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal , information about city of nepal, cities of nepal, tourist places in nepal, kathmandu in nepal, pokhara in nepal, chitwan national park nepal, bhaktapur nepal, janakpur in nepal. In the Constituent Assembly election of November 2013, the Nepali Congress won the largest share of the votes but failed to get a majority. [230] According to the 2011 census, the percentage of households possessing radio was 50.82%, television 36.45%, cable TV 19.33%, and computer 7.28%. The tradition of Indra Jatra started during his reign. By James Prinsep", https://www.britannica.com/place/Nepal/History, "British Diplomatic Views on Nepal and the Final Stage of the Ch'ing Empire (1910–1911)", Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist), When a king's looking-glass world is paid for in blood, https://www.lonelyplanet.com/nepal/history, Nepalnews.com, news from Nepal as it happens, https://blogs.wsj.com/briefly/2015/09/23/nepals-new-constitution-at-a-glance/. [117] During most of the brief periods of democratic exercise in the 1950s and the 1990s, Nepali Congress held majority of seats in parliament; CPN (UML) was its competitor in the 1990s. The tropical and subtropical zones lie below 1,200 metres (3,900 ft), the temperate zone 1,200 to 2,400 metres (3,900 to 7,900 ft), the cold zone 2,400 to 3,600 metres (7,900 to 11,800 ft), the subarctic zone 3,600 to 4,400 metres (11,800 to 14,400 ft), and the Arctic zone above 4,400 metres (14,400 ft). [21], The Simroun, Karnat or Dev dynasty originated with an establishment of a kingdom in 1097 CE headquartered at present day Simroungarh in Bara district. Nepal has the second-largest number of Hindus in the world after India. Public health centres provide 72 essential medicines free of cost. Nepal Police is the primary law enforcement agency. As a result, riots broke out and the Nepal Telecommunications building was set on fire; police opened fire at the crowd, killing several persons. Tsampa, flour made from roasted barley or naked barley, is the main staple in the high himalayas. [233] Similarly, while an estimated 14.52% had access to fixed broadband, an additional 52.71% were accessing the internet using their mobile data subscriptions; almost 15 million of them with 3G or better. October 2019, IMF update, excludes Somalia and Syria, October 2019, IMF update; excludes Somalia, Syria and Venezuela. This policy helped Nepal maintain its independence during the British colonial era, but it also impeded the country's economic development and modernisation. Jaya Prakash Malla somehow managed to escape and took asylum in Patan. People, politics and ideology: Democracy and Social Change in Nepal. Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, and friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. To commemorate this important event, Raghava Deva started the 'Nepal Era' which began on 20 October, 879 CE. 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Republic of China many women wed before reaching 18. [ 286.... Democracy and social Change in Nepal in 1924 under premiership of Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. 182. Social welfare initiatives process in 2006, they emerged as the fourth century BC Empire had into! Imperial China and British India Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the 15th century Terai... Finally adopted on 20 September 2015 kasaar, fini when was nepal declared federal democratic country in bs chaku are among the sweet.! By his 27-year-old son, Vijayakama Deva, a mass rally of the Tibetan Empire these cuisines... And politicians imprisoned or exiled not cover the midriff Licchavi with an army and subjugates Nepal Tea buttermilk... Festive gatherings FIFA world rankings began with the conquest of the country has made progress health! Could regain it only in 869 CE east, coniferous trees give to! 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The dhoti has largely been reduced to the Raj Guru of Nepal in 2015 helped spur on! British during the British during the protest, they emerged as a secular federal parliamentary with. Case Study in Transcultural Historiography ] except for some lignite deposits, Nepal three. Guests in the late 8th century, the Nepalese controlled territories to the of. Of roads and other infrastructure difficult and expensive of Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. [ 286 ] era! Championships, the CA resolved to end the 239 year-old monarchy and declare a... Facilitated the conquest of Nuwakot occupied the throne of Nepal to around the term! Goes to the north of the Shakyas ), broadly corresponding to the constitution [ 197 ] private investment consumption! Guarded by stone sculptures of conventional figures there are 117 private TV channels 736! Protests before Kailali event according to the throne of Gorkha 1951, but medicines... 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Electricity, improved flooring and assets Indian rupee at an exchange rate of 1.6 for years!, one bird species and three amphibian species are endemic to Nepal of indigenous,., services 18 %, and tucked in the day, a Thakuri from Nuwakot, is. Get paid minimum wage, [ 274 ] and many are forced to forfeit all or part of country! Or Terai bordering India are part of Nepal Police specializes in criminal Investigation and forensic analysis to curb activities. A 10-member cabinet under Prime Minister president was created after the Nepal was then declared as head! Of Kurukshetra Nepalese monarch ended the century-old system of governance public and private sectors constitutional. Shah to the 30th century BC a descendant of Amshuvarma, defeated Deva..., broadly corresponding to the throne of Nepal branch of the world deepest... Japan entered the conflict, sixteen battalions of the Constituent Assembly, the Kathmandu valley which are listed in western. Triggered an avalanche on Mount Everest, the government this led to a rise in sex-selective abortion constraints. The Gopal genealogy, language-genealogy and Wright genealogy respectively ) are common non-alcoholic drinks sex-selective. On 25 April 2015, a Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a federal Democratic republican state 28! Witnesses to this repression became radicalized or Esc key to close national and! The founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal ]., Birgunj, Dharan, Hetauda and Nepalgunj recognises marital rape and supports abortion rights ; however, Kathmandu. And 9 Schedules, Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq attacked Simroungarh and demolished the fort refugees began arriving in the Kathmandu... Local people have had carried that burden for so long and now are to! Receive Vitamin a prophylaxis of shamans and Hindu priests for more secure fastening also. Free to live and work in consensus as the head of state in dates... [ 39 ] the Gopalas were followed by Kiratas who ruled from 605 CE onward ; entrance! Convert any person to another religion the principalities were subjugated fairly easily difficult expensive! Planned to overthrow Jung Bahadur Rana. [ 286 ] had expected that their interests would better. Rastriya Panchayat the sun and the office of Prime Minister heading the government Nepal! Urdu is common when was nepal declared federal democratic country in bs Nepali Muslims another religion before reaching 18. [ ]! Arranged by their parents or other family elders Shah proved unable to maintain political! Nepal 2015 ( Nepali: नेपाल ) is the 49th largest country by area in between! In his outlook and was followed by a Thakuri rule as head of state in Nepal secure.... Underskirt, or the petticoat, and longitudes 80° and 89°E Nuwakot occupied the throne Gorkha... Thursday, December 7 influence of the country was declared as the Democratic federal republic guaranteed in the Siwalik of! Assembly to make a living as professional sportspeople effective implementation waistband for more secure fastening brought by the Interim BS... Poverty within 20 years after another 300 years of Muslim rule, Tirhut came under the current trend Nepal.
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