Growing witch hazel shrubs is a favorite amongst gardeners looking for winter color and fragrance. Name – Hamamelis Family – Hamamelidaceae Type – shrub. Witch hazels perform best in full sun (or filtered shade in hotter regions), where the flowers glow like fiery embers in the backlight of the low winter sun. Witch hazel grows very slowly, only 4 to 12 inches each year.  1 inch, yellow, strap-like petals flower in late October when leaves are still present. Have tree and plant questions? Photo by: Janet Loughrey. The fruit capsules mature a year after flowering, splitting open to expel seeds that are attractive to birds. Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Primavera'. American Witchhazel (Hamamelis virginiana L.)By Larry Stritch. And since it doesn't have any serious pest or disease issues, it's virtually carefree. These flowers have a spidery appearance. Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. The blooms are generally not much bigger than a penny, composed of ribbon-like petals in a variety of colors such as orange, yellow, red, pink, and purple. Seeds are eaten by a number of species of birds. Prefers moist soils, but is tolerant of a variety of conditions. Nonetheless, even the world's largest manufacturer and distributor of witch hazel extracts, American Distilling in East Hampton, Connecticut, relies on wild witch hazel as its raw ingredient for those products. Dazzling Fall Color + Eye-Catching Winter Blooms Why Jelena Witch Hazel Shrubs? Gardeners in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 8 have the option of common witch hazel as a small autumn-blooming tree or privacy shrub with a rounded crown that is naturally resistant to insects and disease because it is a native plant, while still being just as attractive as a forsythia. Design Ideas Witch hazel is an exceptional large native shrub for northern home sites. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. 99 Containers should be kept moist and the roots protected during extreme cold spells. The hazel family, Hamamelidaceae, is comprised of over 100 species of trees and shrubs, including winter hazels, ironwoods, sweetgums, and the witch hazels. From this family, the Garden exhibits not only species types but also hybrids; in total there are hundreds of winter-flowering witch hazel ( Hamamelis spp.) Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. It is harvested sustainably, largely on state lands, by cutters whose families have been involved with the business for generations. Witch Hazel also works as a wonderful specimen plant in areas where there is a rich, moist, mulched soil and can be underplanted with plenty of Hosta, Astilbe, or other shade loving perennials or ground covers to finish the landscape. It is well adapted to wild gardens and in most of the eastern U.S., where it is native. Copyright Mulch to keep soil moist. In other words, they aren’t a deer’s favorite food, but they will eat them on occasion. Although witch hazel is a tough tree, it is susceptible to several fungal diseases that can cause leaves to turn brown and possibly drop from the tree. Plant Diseases. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Cut the main stem at 6 to 10 inches above the ground, making sure to cut well above the graft. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. Use enter to activate. This is a great specimen plant for naturalized landscape. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. . Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet (2 to 5 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – rather rich. A large deciduous shrub with colorful, fragrant flowers during the winter, witch hazel is virtually maintenance-free and resistant to most pests and diseases. Native Americans used extract of witch-hazel extensively for medicinal purposes. The foliage, attractive in all growing seasons, also turns yellow to yellowish-orange in fall. Maximum size is nine feet wide by nine feet high. Hardy, this fine winter-flowering shrub features a medium to large vase-shape with dense clusters of fragrant, frost-proof, rich ochre-yellow flowers in mid- to late winter. The most fragrant of all species, Chinese varieties begins blooming as early as January and has buttery yellow petals and clear yellow fall foliage. Fragrant, yellow flowers bloom from October through December. When adding shrubs to your landscape, try to use native plants such as the witch hazel. Photo by: Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH / Shutterstock. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection, Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily). price Pricing Information Hardiness Zones The witchhazel can … Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Diane' is the standard of red-flowered varieties, with vibrant fall foliage of red, orange, purple and yellow. Maximum size is 12 feet wide by 15 feet high. Tolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray. A natural astringent, it soothes irritated skin and shrinks inflamed tissues, and is a key component of everything from facial cleansers to pore-tightening products, aftershave lotions, and hemorrhoid pads. The plant sets out pretty yellow flowers that are fragrant and resemble dainty ribbons in the fall. The bark, twigs, leaves and roots of witch hazel have been used for hundreds of years by native Americans to treat a host of ills. More about the newsletter. Leaves are green in summer, changing to a clear yellow in fall. Witch-hazel is a dazzling shrub that blooms in winter, as early as January.. Witch-hazel facts, a summary. Pruning and caring are practices that will enhance blooming and growth. Hamamelis virginiana, known as common witch hazel, is a fall-blooming, deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to woodlands, forest margins and stream banks in eastern North America.It typically grows 15-20’ tall with a similar … Produces fragrant, yellow flowers October–December Witch Hazel Plant - Hamamelis is a Fragrant and Beautiful Foliage Shrub. Choose a spot in full sun or partial shade and make sure the soil is well-drained. A vase-shaped upright that can reach 12 feet wide by 12 feet high. Facts: Hamamelis. Hybrids of Japanese witch hazel (H. japonica) and Chinese witch hazel (H. mollis), which bloom from mid-late winter, were bred for enhanced qualities of flowers (larger and better color), intense fragrance and brilliant fall foliage. Hamamelis 'Brevipetala' (Witch Hazel) is a charming hybrid cross between Hamamelis mollis and Hamamelis vernalis. Common witch-hazel is a large shrub with a picturesque irregular branching habit that naturally grows along woodland edges. In yards with limited space, witch hazels will thrive in containers for many years, though they will eventually need to be planted in the ground. The new foliage is an attractive bronzy-red color that matures to dark green and then turns a rich butter yellow to golden yellow in fall. Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Aphrodite' is a show-stopper, with exceptionally large burnt-orange flowers that bloom profusely in late winter. The American Indians first discovered that witch hazel bark, boiled into a tea or mixed with animal fats into a poultice, has therapeutic qualities. Witch hazel is rare among flowering plants in that its delicate, spidery blossoms open in late fall, alongside last year’s fruits, and after its leaves have fallen. Known for its medicinal properties, the bark extract is used as a time-honored remedy for a variety of skin and other bodily ailments. Colorful Hybrids Dazzling yellow and red fall foliage plus one-of-a-kind winter blooms set the Jelena Witch Hazel Shrub apart, making it the perfect focal point plant for brightening up nearly any space in your landscape.After the foliage drops, fragrant copper flowers emerge. Building the urban forest for 2050. The yellow, strap-like flowers of this native shrub are among the last blooms to appear in fall, but are often hidden by the leaves. Mulching is beneficial for retaining moisture. Many people produced witch hazel extract by boiling the stems of the shrub and producing a decoction, which was used to treat swellings, inflammations, and tumors.  In part shade it will have a more open habit than in full sun.Â. But so far, the consensus among those who've tried them is that the invigorating scent may be just too powerful to dab on a wrist or the nape of a neck. Hemorrhoids are caused by the swelling and inflammation of the veins in … Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Dark red flowers are smaller than those of other witch hazel varieties and emit a mild fragrance. . var theDate=new Date() It has yellow blooms with red centers that appear in … Once new flower buds appear, branches can be cut and forced to bloom inside. Witch hazels require a winter chill to attain full flowering. Hamamelis mollis (left), H. ×intermedia 'Orange Beauty' (right). Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Orange Beauty'. Bare twigs and branches are lopped in the cold months, chipped, and then steam-distilled at the factory, where the extract is typically preserved with alcohol. Simple, alternate leaves are oval and  irregular with wavy or toothed margins; 6 inches long. Hamamelis mollis 'Brevipetala'. Witch Hazel Shrub is a beautiful addition to any garden. Witch Hazel, The Shrub You Didn't Know You Needed. Witch hazels are usually fairly dependable bloomers. Witch hazel is a plant. Depending on the species, witch hazel blooms at odd times, usually when not many other flowers are out. The winter flowering Hazels – Hamamelis x intermedia hybrids are crosses between Japanese witch hazel (H. japonica) and Chinese witch hazel (H. mollis). Before shedding their leaves for the winter, homeowners are rewarded with showy yellow-orange fall foliage that is especially attractive in landscape plantings. Tolerant of road salt and clay soil, this is a great specimen plant, or for naturalized landscape. Helps Treat Hemorrhoids. (1 Gallon) Witch Hazel, a vase Shaped Flowering Shrub prized for Yellow Flowers That Have a Warm, Spicy Fragrance That Arrive in Early March. For native plant aficionados, our North American native witch hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, is also trialed, along with five of its cultivars.The native species is hardy (USDA Zones 3-8), spectacular in autumn (it flowers at the same time as its leaves turn golden yellow, rather than blooming in winter), and its fragrance is somewhere between sweet and intoxicating on a fine fall day. Fruit is a capsule which ripens in the fall. Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Rochester'. Clusters of citrus-scented petals appear in late fall before the leaves have dropped. The species name virginiana refers to being from Virginia. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Arnold Promise'. Common witch-hazel is a large shrub with a picturesque irregular branching habit that naturally grows along woodland edges. Family: Hamamelidaceae Common Name: Witchhazel Native: North America, Japan, and China Foliage: The leaves are alternately arranged, oval, 4-16 cm long and 3-11 cm broad, with a smooth or wavy margin. The leaf, bark, and twigs are used to make medicine. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Hamamelis virginiana (common witch hazel) is a 15- to 20-foot-tall shrub that flowers with yellow blooms from October to December. The native witchhazel can be grown as a large shrub or small tree and offers fantastic fall attributes. The following menu has 3 levels. They prefer well-amended soil and regular water and are tolerant of acid or alkaline conditions. 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 $19.99 $ 19 . Commonly found in wooded areas. A perfect choice for breaking up long boundaries and fence lines. Witch Hazel Shrubs - The winter flowering Witch Hazel Shrub, Hamamelis virginiana, is a winter flowering shrub that is native to the eastern half of North America.Plant your this late winter to early spring flowering shrub in full to partially shaded areas with rich moist soil.Maturing in the 20 foot range, this yellow flowering plant can be kept pruned to a more compact size of 8 to 10 feet. Discover the right plants for your garden. Besides being adapted to our climate and environmental conditions, native plants are an important food source for local wildlife. Our communities. A History of Healing. Performs best in moist, well-drained soil high in organic matter, but can tolerate clay soil. Our future. The large, rounded, dark green leaves often hang onto the winter branches. Photo by: Hans-Roland Müller / botanikfoto. Although not deer resistant, most sources label them as seldom severely damaged. When witch hazels are young, you can protect them with chicken wire and possibly even a deer repellent. No flowering shrub border or true cottage garden in cooler regions should be without it. Serves as a host plant for the larvae of the spring azure butterfly. Wider than it is high at maturity-12 feet by 10 feet-the Orange Beauty's deeply pigmented flowers have a strong smell and are deer resistant. It's one of the toughest spreading shrubs available, thriving in gravelly stream beds, rocky slopes along streams, and wooded hillsides. Champlin's Red common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana 'Champlin's Red'): Vase-shaped to rounded 8 to 10 feet high; fragrant, yellow with a tinge of red at base of flowers, Harvest Moon common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana 'Harvest Moon'): 10 to 15 feet high; showy, fragrant lemon-yellow flowers, Little Suzie common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana 'Little Suzie'): Compact, 4 to 6 feet high; soft sulfur-yellow flowers, Pendula common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana 'Pendula'): a slightly weeping form, 6 foot high by 12 feet wide; yellow fragrant flowers. Witch hazel shrubs can reach 30 feet high and 15 feet wide at maturity and are often referred to as a tree due to this. A more heat tolerant variety, Hamamelis x intermedia 'Diane', can be grown in Zones 5-9. It is hardy in zones 3 to 8. Once established, they are virtually maintenance-free and resistant to most pests and diseases. American witchhazel is a member of the Witch-hazel family. In fall most species perform a spectacular fall show of reds, yellows and oranges. The yellow, strap-like flowers of this native shrub are among the last blooms to appear in fall, but are often hidden by the leaves. The Japanese varieties have showy yellow or red flowers. However, the weather can change their bloom time, leaving you confused. Prune before summer so that the following year’s buds can develop. Scott Canning, director of horticulture at Wave Hill, recommends siting them for maximum wintertime drama: put them in a spot where they'll be backlit in the afternoon and the warm sun will encourage their flowers and scent to unfurl. Native to Missouri and Arkansas, this is the most shrub-like species. The genus name Hamamelis is Latin from the Greek meaning a kind of medlar or service tree. "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research." Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Jelena', widely regarded as one of the best all-around cultivars, has a perfect vase-shaped structure, intensely-fragrant orange flowers and fiery fall color. C-Value: 8 These east coast native shrubs or small trees are commonly found in wooded areas from Canada to Georgia. A large deciduous shrub with colorful, fragrant flowers during the winter, witch hazel is virtually maintenance-free and resistant to most pests and diseases. Common witch hazel, Fall witch hazel, Fall-blooming witch hazel, Common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana). Witch hazel. Witch hazels planted in a lawn, Hilliers. Learn how to grow witch hazel in your garden with the RHS expert guide on choosing, planting, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Native forms are hardier, while most hybrid cultivars grow in USDA Zones 5-8. RELATED:Hellebores Offer Late-Winter BloomsGrowing CamelliasGrowing Loropetalum. Witch hazel extract has been used for cosmetic and medicinal purposes for many years. Design Ideas Witch Hazel is primarily known for its attractive spidery yellow flowers in the fall. Our trees. In fact, witch hazel extract is said to be the most widely used botanical in the world, outstripping even the ubiquitous aloe. The ideal growing situation is morning sun, with light shade during the hot afternoon. Its honey-yellow flowers have a bright, rich scent. American witch-hazel, common witch-hazel, witch hazel Shipping Information At Direct Native Plants, we take many precautions to make sure your plants will arrive in the best condition possible. Shrubs grow 20 feet high and are heavy bloomers, producing strongly scented yellow flowers into March. In fact, Chinese witch hazel plant is among the most fragrant of all witch hazel types. Grown from seed, it will reach a mature flowering size in six years. By Matt Gibson & Erin Marissa Russell. Tan-colored lenticels are prominent in older grayish stems. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Although they are small, witch hazel blossoms are worth planting the shrub. Where to plant witch hazel. Early Puritan settlers in New England adopted this remedy from the natives, and its use became widely established in the United States. The large, rounded, dark green leaves often hang onto the winter branches. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) shrubs throughout the grounds. Available since 1969, this upright grower blooms from late January into March. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. Noteworthy Characteristics. All Rights Reserved. Find a Garden Center that carries Proven Winners plants & products. Stop by, email, or call. Grows 15' to 30' high with a similar spread. When other plants are preparing for their winter sleep, common witch hazel awakens in a burst of gold foliage and yellow, orange, and red flowers. Witch Hazel, Arnold’s Promise, growing in front of a house. Its yellow or red flowers are small, but profuse and appear between January and April. Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witch hazel) is a 6- to 10-foot shrub hardy in zones 4 to 8. Fall-blooming with fragrant bright yellow flowers, the Witch Hazel shrub is great for woodland gardens, screens & more. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Birgit'. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – January to March. However, more sun leads to a longer and better bloom. As natural understory plants, many will do fine in part shade. Copper-orange flowers bloom early and give off a strong, spicy scent not unlike that of tuberose. Click here to purchase! They are coarse-leaved, loosely-branched, medium to large, deciduous shrubs that typically grow 12-20’ tall.  Â, 15 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; irregular form at maturity. In late winter or very early spring, before the leaves unfurl, Vernal witch-hazel has yellow and orange-to-red flowers with a spicy fragrance that appears in late February and last three to four weeks. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Witch hazels perform best in full sun (or filtered shade in hotter regions), where the flowers glow like fiery embers in … One of the most salt-tolerant shrubs. Expose to full sun or partial shade. Each spring, plants produce a profusion of bright yellow flowers. A great tree to plant as an understory or for a shrub border in large areas. Flowers: Perfect, fragrant spider like flowers in winter. 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